- Founder of the National Action Network
- Helped incite anti-Jewish riots in Crown Heights, New York in 1991
- Convicted of libel for his role in the racially charged Tawana Brawley hoax
- Incited black anti-Semites against a Jewish business establishment in Harlem in 1995
- Democratic Party presidential candidate, 2004
See also: National Action Network Jesse Jackson
Charles Sharpton was born in Brooklyn, New York in October
1954, to comparatively prosperous parents. He demonstrated
considerable verbal dexterity at an early age and is reputed to have begun preaching when he was four years old. He was touted as “the
wonder-boy preacher” by age 7, when he toured with gospel
singer Mahalia Jackson and Pentecostal minister F.D. Washington.
Washington personally ordained
Sharpton, who idolized
Adam Clayton Powell, as a Pentecostal minister when the boy was
That same year, Sharpton’s parents divorced, leaving the youngster and his mother impoverished and reliant on welfare. In the late 1960s, Sharpton joined the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). In 1969 he was appointed as youth director of SCLC's "Operation
Breadbasket," an initiative headed by Jesse Jackson which boycotted businesses accused of failing to hire enough
black employees. Jackson, moreover, became a mentor to Sharpton.
Supporting a Communist Front and Angela Davis
In the February 9, 1971 edition
of the Communist
Party USA newspaper Daily
CPUSA member Stephanie Allan wrote about a pair of recent rallies (in
Chicago and in White Plains, New York) which had been held to support a CPUSA front called The Committee to Free Angela Davis. At the time, Davis was in prison for her role in abetting the murder of a California judge. Eliseo
Medina was one of the speakers at the Chicago event, while Sharpton addressed the New York rally. According to Stephanie Allan,
Sharpton and fellow speaker J.L. Scott “exposed the connection between [the] A&P
[Corporation], U.S. monopoly capitalism, racism and imperialism, and
related these to the Angela Davis case and the threat to the vital
rights of the Black people.”
Also in 1971, Sharpton established the National Youth
Movement, an organization that sought
to organize young African Americans to push for increased voter
registration, cultural awareness, and job-training programs. He would
group for the next 17 years.
After attending Brooklyn College for two years, Sharpton dropped out and had no additional
higher education or formal seminary training. He soon began working (as a tour manager) for the entertainer James Brown and,
later, for boxing promoter Don King. In 1978, Sharpton made an unsuccessful run for
the New York State Senate.
Cocaine, Money-Laundering, and the FBI
early 1983 the FBI was trying to nail boxing promoter Don King on
cocaine-dealing charges. Toward that end, an undercover FBI
agent—using the name Victor Quintana—arranged
a meeting with King on the pretext of discussing a prospective boxing match in
the Bahamas. But King, wary of this individual, persuaded
his close friend, Al Sharpton, to meet with Quintana instead—i.e., to take Quintana to dinner at a restaurant and try to ascertain what type of
person he was. Sharpton did so, accompanied by a friend.
At one point
during the meal, Quintana, posing
as a former South American druglord who was now seeking to launder money through
told Sharpton: “I know where 10 kilos of cocaine are and we can
make some big money on this.” Sharpton's companion, wary of the
implications of getting involved in such criminal activity,
immediately told Sharpton that this line of discussion was
unacceptable and persuaded Sharpton to leave the restaurant with him.
Sharpton, intrigued by Quintana's proposition, was hesitant to walk away
but ultimately did.
thereafter, Sharpton and his companion met with Quintana a second
time, in a hotel room. But when Quintana again raised the subject of
cocaine, Sharpton’s friend once more called off the meeting.
that, Sharpton and Quintana set up a third
meeting that would take place in March 1983 without Sharpton's companion, though the reputed mobster Danny Pagano of the Genovese crime family would also be present. At this meeting—which,
unbeknownst to Sharpton,
was being secretly videotaped by FBI surveillance cameras—Quintana
told Sharpton that he could procure cocaine for $35,000
per kilo. Sharpton, wearing a cowboy hat and chomping on
an unlit cigar, nodded
his head and said, “I hear you.” When Quintana promised Sharpton
a 10% finder’s fee if he could arrange the purchase of several
kilos, Sharpton referred to an unnamed buyer and said, “If he’s
gonna do it, he’ll do it much more than that.”
According to a comprehensive
report by TheSmokingGun.com
“While Sharpton did not explicitly offer to arrange a
drug deal, some investigators thought his interaction with the
undercover agent could be construed as a violation of federal
conspiracy laws. Though an actual prosecution, an ex-FBI agent
acknowledged, would have been 'a reach,' agents decided to approach
Sharpton and attempt to 'flip' the activist.... In light of
Sharpton’s relationship with Don King, FBI agents wanted his help
in connection with the bureau’s three-year-old boxing
Thursday afternoon in June 1983—three
months after his third meeting with Quintana—Sharpton
arrived at a Manhattan apartment expecting to meet with him again. Instead he was confronted
by men identifying themselves as FBI agents. They showed Sharpton the
“cocaine” videotape and warned
that he could face criminal charges as a result of that recording.
Panicked, Sharpton immediately agreed to cooperate with the FBI by
serving as a wired, undercover agent for the Bureau.
In that capacity,
known by the FBI
for confidential informant No. 7—and began having
numerous face-to-face meetings,
all recorded, with mob figures from the Gambino and Genovese crime
fanilies. TSG reports
that “[t]he resulting surreptitious recordings were eventually used
to help convict an assortment of Mafia members and associates.”
Sharpton's undercover work with the FBI continued until 1987, when his involvement with the infamous Tawana Brawley case (see below) put an end to his relationship with the Bureau. For comprehensive details of Sharpton's FBI work during the
The Tawana Brawley Racial Hoax
Sharpton first entered America's national
consciousness on a large scale in November 1987, when he injected
himself into the
case of a 15-year-old black girl named Tawana Brawley, who claimed that
been abducted and raped by a gang of six whites in Dutchess County, New
York. Despite a complete absence of any credible
evidence to support Miss Brawley's story, Sharpton (along with attorneys
Alton Maddox and C.
Vernon Mason) made increasingly wild allegations, culminating
in charges that then-Dutchess County assistant prosecutor Steven
Pagones had participated in the girl's brutalization. When Sharpton was
criticized for accusing Pagones without offering a shred of proof, he retorted:
"We stated openly that Steven Pagones did it. If we're lying, sue us,
so we can go into court with you and prove you did it. Sue us -- sue us
In a speech he delivered when the Brawley case was dominating news headlines, Sharpton derided
his white critics as racists: "They looked up and they saw Maddox,
Mason, and Sharpton. What's wrong with them? What was wrong with us was
[that] crackers didn't choose us!"
While the Brawley case dominated U.S. news headlines, Sharpton appeared on the late Morton Downey's
television program and publicly used an
anti-gay slur. The incident occurred when Sharpton got into a shouting match
with an audience member and yelled,
while gesturing to that individual to come up to the stage and fight:
“You ain’t nothing! You a punk faggot! Now come on and do something!”
An extensive and costly
investigation eventually proved
Brawley’s tale to be without factual basis, and a grand jury
dismissed her accusations. When Pagones in 1997 sued
Sharpton (as well as Maddox and Mason) for defamation
of character, Sharpton, under oath, said he could “no longer recall”
having made a number of his slanderous accusations against Pagones
and other law-enforcement officials years earlier. Pagones won a
$345,000 court judgment against Sharpton and his two accomplices, of which Sharpton was responsible for $65,000. But Sharpton, claiming poverty, never
paid his debt. When asked in a deposition how he could afford the expensive suits he wore, he replied that he did not own the garments but was merely granted “access” to them as needed. The same, he said, applied to all his other belongings. Ultimately, Sharpton's $65,000 debt was paid (along with $22,000 in interest) in 2001 by a group of wealthy Sharpton supporters.
Notably, Sharpton has never apologized for the way he conducted himself throughout the Brawley hoax, because to apologize, he explains,
would be “all about submission” to white people eager to “forc[e] a
black man coming out of the hardcore ghetto to his knees.” Reflecting on
the Brawley case 12 years after it first made headlines, Sharpton said: “If I had to do it again, I’d do it in the same way.”
In October 2013, Sharpton appeared on MSNBC’s Morning Joe program to promote his new book, The Rejected Stone. When MSNBC’s Mika Brzezinski raised the issue of the Brawley case, Sharpton replied:
"I think that what I learned in Brawley, and it’s a case where if I was called today by a young lady who made those claims, I would respond the same way, but what I wouldn’t do is get into a back and forth with name calling with the prosecutor, and go for the quick from the hip kind of flippant attitude with the press. You learn to do what you do better….Whereas 25 years ago, it was 'I don’t care what you think, I feel I’m right, I feel I’ve gotta do what I’ve gotta do,' now I’m not talking to the prosecutor."
Asked if he regretted the anguish he caused for the innocent Stephen Pagones, Sharpton answered:
"... Why would I say that I should not come to the defense of someone who had made a claim and those who had accused never would have come forth in the grand jury at that time that we got involved…. Any of the cases we get involved with, we’re not the investigators, but we have the basis of coming in based on we feel there has been a civil rights violation."
Pressed again on whether he would have acted similarly if he had known then what he knew now, Sharpton became animated:
"Well, what do I know now? A grand jury didn’t believe her?... You’ve got to remember the same prosecutor came after me on situations I knew was wrong. Why would I believe the jury that he used there?....Why wouldn’t civil rights leaders respond? That’s what we’re about.
Once again, Sharpton was pressed on whether he believed the Tawana Brawley case was a hoax. Again, he demurred:
"I believe that the basis of our involvement, of saying that this prosecutor should have moved forward and brought this into court was absolutely the right position to take, and that’s the position we took."
Forming the National Action Network
In 1991 Sharpton formed the National Action Network
(NAN), whose platform
"revolves around activism against racial profiling, police
brutality, women’s issues, economic reform, public education,
international affairs, including abolishing slavery in Africa, job
awareness, AIDS awareness, and more."
Emphasizing the urgent need for aggressive left-wing activism, Sharpton during this period derided moderate black politicians with close ties to the Democratic Party as "cocktail-sip Negroes" or "yellow niggers."
The Anti-Semitic Riots in Crown Heights
In the summer of 1991, Sharpton injected himself into the unrest that followed an August 19 incident where a Hasidic Jewish driver had accidentally run over and killed a
7-year-old black boy named Gavin Cato in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn, New York. Scarcely
three hours after that accident, a mob of local blacks seeking retribution hunted down and murdered a 29-year-old Australian-born
rabbinical student named Yankel Rosenbaum, who was not in any way involved in Cato's death. Shortly thereafter, Sharpton exploited the interracial angle of the boy's death to further fan the flames of racial animus. He organized angry protest demonstrations and
challenged local Jews to “pin their yarmulkes back and come over
to my house” to settle the score if they were displeased with his actions.
Stirred, in part, by Sharpton's contentious anger, hundreds of
Crown Heights blacks subsequently took to the streets for three
days and nights of violent rioting. Sharpton reacted to the chaos by repeatedly shouting the mantra, “No justice, no peace!” “We
must not reprimand our children for outrage,” he declared, “when it is the outrage
that was put in them by an oppressive system.”
Years later, Norman Rosenbaum,
brother of the murdered Yankel Rosenbaum, reflected on the events of August 1991: "Based on everything we have
seen and read, Sharpton never called upon the rioters to stop their
anti-Semitism-inspired violence. He never called on the rioters to go
home." Rosenbaum elaborated:
"The riots were the product of anti-Semites taking advantage of the
tragic death of a child to justify inflicting their violence on innocent
people -- the Jewish community of Crown Heights -- and murdering Yankel
Rosenbaum, a Jew from Australia, amid the cries of 'Kill the Jew!'"
Notwithstanding the mass violence that had engulfed Crown Heights in the wake of Gavin Cato's death, Sharpton, delivering the eulogy at the boy's funeral on August 26, persisted with his racially charged rhetoric. He told the mourners, for instance, that it was not merely a car
accident that had killed the child, but rather the "social
accident" of "an apartheid
[Jewish] ambulance service in the middle of Crown Heights" that allegedly did
not care enough to do everything in its power to help black victims in need. Added Sharpton:
"Talk about how Oppenheimer in South Africa sends diamonds straight to
Tel Aviv and deals with the diamond merchants right here in Crown
Heights. The issue is not anti-Semitism; the issue is apartheid.... All
we want to say is what Jesus said: If you offend one of these little
ones, you got to pay for it. No compromise, no meetings, no coffee
klatsch, no skinnin' and grinnin'. Pay for your deeds."
Failed Senate Bid
Sharpton ran unsuccessfully for the U.S. Senate in 1992 and 1994, and he received 32 percent
of the vote in the 1997 Democratic mayoral primary in New York
Sharpton Derides Mayor Dinkins As a "Ni**er Whore"
During the administration (1989-93) of New York City mayor David Dinkins (an African American), Sharpton angrily denounced Dinkins (when the latter was unsupportive of Sharpton's activism) in the following terms:
“David Dinkins, you wanna be the only ni**er on television, only ni**er in the newspaper, only ni**er that can talk. Don’t cover them, don’t talk to them, ’cause you got the only ni**er problem. ‘Cause you know if a black man stood up next to you, they would see you for the whore that you really are.” (Click here for audio.)
On another occasion, Sharpton referred to Dinkins as "that ni**er whore turning tricks in City Hall."
Becoming a Baptist Minister
In 1994 Sharpton was re-baptized into the Baptist faith and became a minister of that denomination.
The Racist Kean College Speech
Also in 1994, Sharpton delivered an incendiary speech at New Jersey’s Kean College, where he said:
“White folks was in the cave while we [blacks] was building empires …
We built pyramids before Donald Trump ever knew what architecture was …
we taught philosophy and astrology and mathematics before Socrates and
them Greek homos ever got around to it.”
Sharpton subsequently explained that while his use of the word “homos”
may have been “irresponsible,” it “is not a homophobic term”
The Kean College speech also featured Sharpton explaining that America’s
founders consisted of “the worst criminals, the rejects they sent from
Europe ... to the colonies.” “So [if] some cracker,” he continued,
“come and tell you ‘Well, my mother and father blood go back to the
Mayflower,’ you better hold you pocket. That ain’t nothing to be proud
of, that means their forefathers was crooks.” Sharpton later defended
his use of the word “cracker,” calling it merely a “colloquial term
used to describe a certain kind of bigot, who hates both blacks and
Jews. It’s certainly not a racist term and certainly not an anti-Semitic
term, because a cracker hates Jews and blacks.”
Million Man March
In 1995 Sharpton -- along with such notables as Jeremiah
Wright and Barack
Obama -- helped organize Louis
Farrakhan's October 16th Million Man March.
The Deadly Boycott of Freddy's Fashion Mart
1995, Sharpton led his NAN in a racially
charged boycott against Freddy’s Fashion Mart, a Jewish-owned
business in Harlem. The boycott started when Freddy’s
owners announced that because they wanted to expand their own
business, they would no longer sublet part of their store to a
black-owned record shop. The street leader of the boycott, Morris
Powell, was also the head of Sharpton’s “Buy Black” Committee.
Powell and his fellow protesters repeatedly and menacingly told
passersby not to patronize the
“crackers” and "the greedy Jew bastards [who are]
killing our [black] people." Some boycotters openly threatened
violence against whites and Jews––all under the watchful,
approving eye of Sharpton, who referred to the proprietors of Freddy's as "white interlopers." The subsequent picketing became ever-more menacing in its tone until one of the participants
eventually shot (non-fatally) four whites inside the store and then set the building on
fire––killing seven employees, most of whom were Hispanics.
Appearance at a Socialist Scholars Conference
In 1998 Sharpton was a featured
speaker at the Socialist
Scholars Conference in New York.
"Redeem the Dream" Rally
August 2000, Sharpton held a "Redeem
the Dream" rally at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC,
where one the the featured speakers was Malik
Zulu Shabazz. At that event,
Shabazz called on black young
people, including "gang members," to unite against their "common enemy"
-- "white America" and its allegedly racist police departments. He also
articulated a "black dream that when we
see caskets rolling in the black community … we will see caskets
and funerals in the community of our enemy as well."
Characterizing White Republicans As Racists
a May 2003 speech
sponsored by Harvard Law School, Sharpton characterized Republicans
as racists who “cut
taxes for the rich while [they] strangle the poor”; he likened black Republicans Colin
Powell and Condoleezza Rice to subservient house slaves; he called for
“$50 billion a year” in tax hikes so that America could “invest in working-class people, not
multi-billionaires”; he proclaimed that “white male land owners”
were in control of the United States; and he asserted that the descendants of the white men who “used to
buy [blacks], now they rent 'em.”
Failed Presidential Campaign
of the Iraq War and the Patriot Act (which he called "unpatriotic" and "illegitimate" legislation), Sharpton campaigned for the U.S.
presidency in 2004. Though his candidacy was unsuccessful, the Democratic
Party establishment allowed him to speak in the prime-time slot
on the third day of its national convention.
Supporting Cindy Sheehan
In August 2005
Sheehan in Crawford, Texas to show support for her anti-war,
anti-Bush protest campaign.
Speech at an Anti-War Rally Organized by Pro-Communist Coalitions
September 24, 2005, Sharpton spoke at the "Call to United Mass
Action," an anti-Iraq War rally in Washington, DC that was
co-organized by International
for Peace and Justice.
at the event, which was attended by an estimated 300,000 people,
The Duke Lacrosse Case
In March 2006, a black stripper
three white members of the Duke University lacrosse team of having
beaten, raped and sodomized her during an off-campus party. These
charges triggered an instantaneous eruption of outrage among left-wing civil-rights activists. Sharpton, for his part, declared
that these ”rich white boys” had attacked a ”black girl,” and warned
that if arrests were not made immediately, there would be no peace. He
case parallels Abner
was raped and sodomized in a bathroom [by a New York City police
officer] like this girl has alleged she was.... and just like in the
Louima case, you have people here saying she fabricated it...." It later
became evident, however, that the plaintiff's charges were indeed
entirely fabricated, and all charges against the defendants were
When Miitt Romney, a Mormon, ran for the 2008 Republican presidential nomination, Sharpton said: “As for the one Mormon running for office, those who really believe in God will defeat him anyways, so don’t worry about that; that’s a temporary situation.”
Charging Racism in Major League Baseball's Steroid Investigations
In February 2008, Sharpton asserted
that the federal government was seeking to prosecute black athletes
more aggressively than white athletes in scandals over their alleged use
of performance-enhancing drugs. Specifically, Sharpton claimed that
members of Congress, in their recent questioning of white pitcher Roger
Clemens, had acted as if "they were at a fan club meeting," as compared
to the allegedly harsher treatment which black outfielder Barry Bonds
was receiving. "You've got to understand that the fight has always been
about the criminalization of black men," said Sharpton.
Supporting Barack Obama
In March 2008, Sharpton, a strong
supporter of Barack
Obama's presidential candidacy, stated that he was
accustomed to speaking with Obama on a regular basis -- "two
or three times a week."
Shakedowns and Extortions
Sharpton often threatens to organize black boycotts of corporations on
grounds that they supposedly discriminate against African Americans.
Those companies, in
turn, typically try to pacify Sharpton with cash; sometimes
they hire him as a consultant. For example:
June 1998 Sharpton threatened
to call for a consumer boycott of Pepsi, alleging that blacks
were underrepresented in the company's advertising. Less than a year
later, Pepsi hired Sharpton as a $25,000-per-year adviser until
November 2003, Sharpton threatened
to lead a boycott of DaimlerChrysler over the allegedly pervasive
“institutional racism” in the company’s car loan practices.
Within six months, Chrysler began supporting Sharpton's NAN
in 2003, Sharpton complained that
American Honda had too few blacks in management positions. Company
executives met with Sharpton, and within two months they began to
sponsor NAN events.
to one General Motors spokesman, NAN repeatedly asked his
company for contributions every year from 2000 through 2006, and GM
each time declined to pay anything. Then, in December 2006
threatened to call a boycott to protest the carmaker’s closing of
an African American-owned GM dealership in the Bronx. In 2007 and
2008, General Motors made monetary donations to NAN.
Violating Federal Election Laws
2009, Sharpton and his NAN were fined $285,000
for having violated election rules during Sharpton's 2004
presidential bid. According to the Federal Election Commission:
Calling for Economic Equality
On May 2, 2010,
Sharpton addressed a church congregation in Danbury, Connecticut,
where he said that the late Martin Luther King, Jr.'s dream "was
not to put one black president in the White House," but rather
"to make everything equal in everybody’s house."
The Trayvon Martin Case
passionately to a February 26, 2012 incident in Sanford, Florida, in
which a "white Hispanic"
neighborhood-watch captain named
George Zimmerman shot and killed a 17-year-old
African American named Trayvon Martin. When subsequent reports suggested
that Martin had merely been in Zimmerman's neighborhood to purchase a
bag of Skittles at a local shop, Sharpton said:
is an unbelievable burden, and hard to articulate, that [if you are black] you’re born
automatically a suspect, and you have to operate and behave in a way
that does not exacerbate or incite someone’s paranoia. We have come so far in this country that we can put a black man in
the White House, but we can’t walk a black child down the
neighborhood street to get a bag of Skittles.”
When Zimmerman was acquitted of murder and manslaughter charges in a July 2013 trial, Sharpton blasted the verdict as an “atrocity”
and “a slap in the face to those that believe in justice in this
country.” Moreover, Sharpton announced that he and his National Action
Network would soon be "mobilizing" protests in 100 U.S. cities.
Likening Republicans to Hitler
On May 25, 2012, Sharpton told a radio audience that Republicans view black people as subhumans, much as Adolf Hitler saw Jews:
"It seems like they [some of the right wing] act as though some wiping
out of people ... is alright. It's not alright to do to any innocent
people.... [T]o wipe out innocent people just 'cause of who they are,
like was done in Hitler's Germany, or was done to Native Americans, is
Strategizing with Obama to Push Tax Hikes on the Wealthy
On December 4, 2012, Sharpton and several other "influential progressive"
advisors (as described by White House deputy press secretary Josh
Earnest) met with President Barack Obama to strategize on how to best sell the American public on the
need to raise taxes on people earning $250,000 or more, while extending
the Bush-era tax cuts for all other U.S. residents. Also in
attendance at the meeting were Rachel Maddow, Lawrence O'Donnell, MSNBC host Ed Schultz, and Arianna Huffington.
Later in December 2012, Sharpton spoke out
publicly about a recent incident where a deranged gunman had shot and
killed 26 people (including 20 children) at a Connecticut elementary
school. Calling for stricter gun control measures, he said:
"In any civilized society, you do not see massacres continue to happen
... and you keep the same laws when clearly they're not working." A
questioner then asked Sharpton, "What happens when the criminal goes to
knives?" Sharpton replied: "Then you deal with knives. The same thing
you do if you have a head cold, and the cold is gone and you have a
headache. Then you take headache medicine."
Claiming that President Obama's Likeness Belongs on Mount Rushmore
In January 2013, Sharpton stated
that Barack Obama was at least as deserving as President Theodore
Roosevelt of having his likeness appear on Mount Rushmore: "[Obama]
stopped two wars and the whole question of finance reform on Wall Street
and health care. I mean, he has done some concrete things.... [A] lot
of people could say that Teddy Roosevelt was more of a character than a
transformative president. I can name, literally, things that President
Obama has done. Now, I’m going to say that if Teddy Roosevelt is the
measure, I think it strengthens the case for President Obama."
Addressing the "Knockout Game"
In the fall of 2013, media outlets like Breitbart News, Truth Revolt, and Fox News reported extensively on the growing prevalence of the so-called "knockout game," whereby groups of
black teenagers were targeting defenseless and unsuspecting white,
Jewish, and Asian pedestrians and blindsiding them with roundhouse
punches designed to render the victims unconscious. Accomplices to the
perpetrators commonly captured these attacks on video and posted them,
as a form of celebration, to the website YouTube. Hundreds
of these knockout-game incidents had occurred in cities nationwide
since 2010. Many had resulted in serious injuries, and in several cases
the victims had died.
On November 22, 2013, former U.S. Congressman Allen West, a black conservative, publicly criticized Sharpton for his silence on the knockout game. The very next day, Sharpton spoke out against the violence, saying:
“If someone was running around talking about knocking out blacks, we
would not be silent. We cannot be silent.” Two days later, Sharpton
penned an op-ed in the Huffington Post
denouncing the "racist" and "inhumane" behavior that "in many cases
specifically target[s] Jewish folks" and "has no place in our country or
the world." He further condemned the practice as a "deplorable,
reprehensible and inexcusable" form of "insane thuggery."
Sharpton Embraces Convicted Voter-Fraud Perpetrator at Anti-Voter ID Rally
Sharpton was the keynote speaker at a March 2014 event condemning Voter ID laws and honoring Melowese Richardson, an Ohio poll worker convicted of voter fraud, as what one Democrat executive called "a martyr." Firmly convinced that Barack Obama had earned the “right to sit [a second term] as president of the United States,” Richardson in 2012: (a) voted twice in her own name and three times on behalf of her comatose
sister; (b) filled out and mailed an absentee ballot on behalf of her
granddaughter, who subsequently voted in person on election day; and (c) was likely responsible for three additional absentee ballots generated from
her home address, all of which bore similar handwriting. (Richardson was originally sentenced to a five-year prison term for these crimes, though that punishment was later reduced to mere probation after Democratic activists pressed for leniency.)
TV and Radio
In addition to his social activism, Sharpton is also a broadcaster. In July 2011 he replaced Cenk Uygur as the host of a nightly MSNBC news/talk television program titled Politics Nation. Moreover, he hosts his own daily radio
program, Keepin' It Real with Al Sharpton, which began airing in January 2006. And he hosts a weekly radio show titled Hour of Power on Sunday nights.
As of 2013, Sharpton earned an annual salary of just over $241,000 from NAN.
 Sharpton was not the only person involved in the Brawley case to be
required by a court to pay restitution to Pagones. Indeed, Alton Maddox
was found liable
for $97,000, C. Vernon Mason for $188,000, and Ms. Brawley herself was
ordered in 1998 to pay Pagones more than $190,000 plus 9 percent annual
interest. The woman, however, made no payments at all on that debt until
2013, at which time a Virgina court
forced her to begin paying Pagones $627 each month in garnisheed wages.
By then, she owed the former district attorney a total of $431,492.
Notably, Pagones indicated that he would be willing to forgive the debt
if Brawley were to publicly admit that her 1987 accusations against him
 Sharpton himself eventually (in 2011) acknowledged
that during the 1991 riots, he had not made any statements to indicate
"that there was no justification or excuse for violence or for the death
of Yankel Rosenbaum."
 Jonathan Mahler, “Sharpton’s Image As New Moderate Dimmed by Video,” Forward (December 22, 1995), p. 4. (Click here for audio.)