Typically, NP responds
to “invitations by credible local organizations [in conflict zones] committed to
nonviolent solutions.” Once invited, the Peaceforce
a team of “nonpartisan and unarmed” representatives to live and work in those regions of conflict, where they strive not only to gain
the trust of civilians, but also to meet local police, commanders from the opposing sides, and religious, business,
and civil-society leaders.
civilians from the crossfire of battle and securing safe, temporary housing for them; providing opposing factions a safe
space to negotiate; serving as a communication link between warring
factions; physically interpositioning themselves
between those factions; providing violence-prevention measures during political elections;
negotiating the return of kidnapped family members; visibly documenting and reporting activities
in conflict zones; and providing round-the-clock accompaniment for
peaceworkers who are under specific threat of violence.
new NP peace workers go through a basic
training period during which they are educated in the local
languages and cultures of the areas where they are to be deployed; they
are also taught about the basic issues underlying the conflicts in those places. For workers without prior experience
in conflict situations, this training period (known as Extensive Mission Preparedness Training) lasts 21 days. By contrast, workers who have prior experience in conflict situations undergo only a 10-day
Core Mission Preparedness Training program.
was involved in a particularly tense standoff in Iraq in April 2004,
when nearly 3,000 U.S. troops were poised to attack Shiite rebels
near the city of Najaf. In an effort to intervene, NP dispatched a “Peace
Team” of volunteers to Najaf to physically place themselves
between the American forces and the city's population center.
executive director is Tim Wallis, who holds a Ph.D.
in Peace Studies from the University of Bradford (UK). Wallis founded
the British branch of Peace Brigades International, co-chaired the International Governance Council, and served as
director of the National Peace Council and of Peaceworkers UK.
derives its funding
from a variety of sources. Individual donations typically provide
about one quarter of its operating revenue ($1.9 million in 2011). Grants from governments (e.g., Belgium, Australia, Norway) and from organizations such as the European Commission, UNICEF, and Cordaid (Netherlands) represent an even larger source of income ($4.7 million in 2011, including $1
million from UNICEF
alone). Further, NP receives grants from a number of charitable foundations
and religious organizations ($798,000 in 2011, including
a first-time grant from George
Open Society Foundation Emergency
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