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PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY (PA) Printer Friendly Page

The Palestinian Authority
By Jewish Virtual Library

Palestinian Authority Glorification of Terrorists
By Itamar Marcus and Nan Jacques Zilberdik
December 2012

Terrorism Havens: Palestinian Authority
By Council on Foreign Relations
December 2005

What Is the Palestinian Authority and How Did It Originate?
By PalestineFacts.org

Monitoring Evil
By Joseph Puder
November 30, 2006

The PA’s Toll in Blood
By P. David Hornik
June 30, 2006

Abu Mazen: A Political Profile
By Yael Yehoshua
April 29, 2003

Mahmoud Abbas: Profile
By Discover The Networks

Palestinian Authority Glorification
of Terrorists and Paying Salaries
to Terrorists with US Money

By Itamar Marcus and Nan Jacques Zilberdik
July 26, 2011

Why Palestinian Incitement Matters So Much
By Jonathan Rosenblum
October 13, 2009

What Temple? Fatah Says 'Only a Muslim Holy Site'
By Aaron Klein
October 4, 2009

Divided, Demoralized Palestinian Movement Falling Apart
By Dion Nissenbaum
August 4, 2009

Palestinians: Bide Your Time, Israel Will Crack
By MEMRI
July 14, 2009

U.S. Trains Yesterday's Palestinian Terrorists
By Itamar Marcus and Nan Jacques Zilberdik
July 8, 2009

Erasing Jews from Jerusalem
By Itamar Marcus and Noaz Cohen
May 28, 2009

Misery Pays
By Dr. Rachel Ehrenfeld
March 10, 2009

Hamas Stance on PLO May Complicate Palestinian ‘Unity’ Talks
By Patrick Goodenough
February 24, 2009

Fatah vs Hamas: Be My Brother or I'll Kill You
By Barry Rubin
January 29, 2009

Where Hamas Gets Its Money
By Rachel Ehrenfeld
January 16, 2009

Killing Their Own
By Jacob Laksin
January 6, 2009

PLO and Fatah Officials: Hamas Is Responsible for the Deaths of Its People
By MEMRI
December 29, 2008

Taking Terror to Court
By P. David Hornik
September 3, 2008

Israel's 'Supernatural Rats'
By Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook
July 25, 2008

No More Appeals
By Dr. Rachel Ehrenfeld and Alyssa A. Lappen
July 16, 2008

Palestinian Authority Libel
By Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook
July 10, 2008

Israeli Group Saves Palestinian from Execution
By Ryan Jones
June 11, 2008

Anti-Semitism among Palestinian Authority Academics
By Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook
May 21, 2008

No Good Guys in 'Palestine'
By Joseph Farah
April 23, 2008

Encouraging Jihad
By Sarah N. Stern
February 21, 2008

U.S. AID for Terror
By Dr. Rachel Ehrenfeld and Alyssa A. Lappen
February 8, 2008

Murder of Two Israelis Refocuses Attention on Palestinian Security Services
By Julie Stahl
January 2, 2008

Two Palestines
By Micah Halpern
December 13, 2007

Hitler – Hero of "Voice of Palestine" Contest
By Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook
December 4, 2007

Is Israel a Jewish State?
By Jeff Jacoby
November 15, 2007

Will Massive Infusions of Aid Rescue the Palestinian Economy?
By Steven Stotsky
November 2, 2007

PA Closes Down Zakat Committees, Proving HLF and Others Funded Hamas
By Militant Islam Monitor
October 24, 2007

Group Condemns 'Horrendous Acts of Cowardice' by Palestinian Factions
By Julie Stahl
October 24, 2007

The Palestinians' Joyful 9/11
By Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook
September 18, 2007

Glorifying Terror for Children
By Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook
August 17, 2007

Genesis of an Anti-Semitic State
By David Bedein
August 15, 2007

Where "Resistance" Is Code for Terror
By Micah Halpern
August 2, 2007

PA Officials Smuggled $52 Million in U.S. Aid
By Aaron Klein
July 7, 2007

Israel Continues Crackdown on Fatah Militants in West Bank
By Julie Stahl
June 29, 2007

Abbas’s Chance
By Eric Cantor
June 22, 2007

More Middle East Madness
By Victor Davis Hanson
June 21, 2007

The PA's "Humanitarian Needs"
By David Bedein
June 20, 2007

Farewell to the Minister of Disinformation, Mustafa Barghouti
By Tamar Sternthal
June 18, 2007

'Mickey Mouse' Has Been Used Before to Promote Anti-Israel Hate
By Julie Stahl
May 23, 2007

Fatah and Hamas Blame Israel
By Michael Widlanski
May 21, 2007

Home Is Where Hamas Is
By Militant Islam Monitor
April 2, 2007

Abbas Unit Fires Rockets at Israel
By Aaron Klein
March 28, 2007

Palestinian Handouts
By Linda Chavez
March 23, 2007

Your Money and Your Life
By Caroline B. Glick
March 20, 2007

A Strategic PLO-Hamas Alliance for Establishing a Palestinian State without Hamas Recognizing Israel
By C. Jacob and Y. Carmon
February 28, 2007

Aid to Palestinians Increases Since Hamas Election
By Steven Stotsky
February 21, 2007

Israel Should Abolish PA in the West Bank, Lawmaker Says
By Julie Stahl
February 9, 2007

Arming Abbas
By Eric Umansky
December 26, 2006

Abbas: We'll Be Back at the Negotiating Table Soon
By Hana Levi Julian
December 18, 2006

Blair Urges West to Back Abbas
By Julie Stahl
December 18, 2006

Israeli Lawmaker Wants to Abolish Palestinian Authority in West Bank
By Julie Stahl
December 15, 2006

PA Terrorists Fire Five "Cease-Fire" Kassams
By Nissan Ratzlav-Katz and Hillel Fendel
December 13, 2006

Institutionalizing Terror
By Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook
November 13, 2006

The PA's Nazi Propaganda
By Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook
November 2, 2006

PA Educational Lies
By Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook
October 24, 2006

PA 'Paid Assassins' to Recruit Hamas Terrorists for Security Force
Militant Islam Monitor
June 7, 2006

The Newest ‘Palestinian’ Crisis
By Caroline B. Glick 
May 24, 2006

House Approves Palestinian Anti-Terror Act -- Cuts Aid to Hamas Led PA
Militant Islam Monitor
May 24, 2006

Canadian Funding Misused by PA
By Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook
May 24, 2006

PLO in DC Says They Will Have to Close if Forced to Pay Terror Victims - Lawyer Ramsey Clark Says Mission Vital for National Security
Militant Islam Monitor
May 24, 2006

PA on Verge of Bankruptcy, Civil War
By Khaled Abu Toameh
May 1, 2006

Dismantle the Palestinian Authority
By P. David Hornik
April 28, 2006

NGOs Call for Continued International Funding of PA
By NGO Monitor
April 27, 2006

Hamas Endorsed by Bin Laden on Tape Urging Global Jihad against Westerners
Militant Islam Monitor
April 23, 2006

Bombs' Sway
By Jacob Sullum
April 19, 2006

Terrorist Rivalry in Gaza Leaves 4 Dead Scores Wounded as 'Mother of All Turf Wars' Continues
Militant Islam Monitor
March 31, 2006

Isolated Abbas Furious at Britain Over Jericho Raid
Militant Islam Monitor
March 16, 2006

Hamas' Quandary with the Mullahs' Money
By Micah Halpern
March 14, 2006

Palestine's United Terror Front
By David Bedein
February 13, 2006

Congress Should Withhold Funds from the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA)
By Nile Gardiner, Ph.D., and James Phillips
February 6, 2006

Illusory Differences
By Arlene Kushner
January 26, 2006

Palestinian Minister Muhammad Dahlan of Fatah and Hamas Leader Mahmoud Al-Zahar Debate on the Eve of Legislative Council Elections
By MEMRI
January 25, 2006

Into the Heart of Ramallah
By Judy Lash Balint
January 24, 2006

The PA's Propaganda War
By Joseph Tartakovsky
January 23, 2006

Hamas - Bullets and Ballot Boxes
HonestReporting.com
January 19, 2006

CAMERA Primer on Palestinian Elections and Hamas
By Alex Safian
January 16, 2006

Hamas: We'll 'Gladly' Spend American Money
WorldNetDaily
January 6, 2006

PA TV: Expel Israelis from Israel
WorldNetDaily
December 30, 2005

2/3 of Palestinians Want al-Qaida to Hit West
WorldNetDaily
December 27, 2005

Meet the New Boss . . .
By Scott Johnson
December 19, 2005

The PA's New Terror Law
By Dr. Rachel Ehrenfeld and Alyssa A. Lappen
December 6, 2005

The Roots of Terrorism
HonestReporting
December 6, 2005

Another Free Pass to The Palestinians
By Dr. Rachel Ehrenfeld and Alyssa A. Lappen
November 23, 2005

Hamas Leader in Gaza Dr. Mahmoud Al-Zahar: We'll Join the Legislative Council – and Keep Our Guns
MEMRI
November 18, 2005

PA Libel
By Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook
November 17, 2005

In Bed With Hamas
By Steven Bernstein
November 8, 2005

Caving in to Palestinian Pressure
By Dr. Rachel Ehrenfeld and Alyssa A. Lappen
September 23, 2005

Annihilate the Infidels
By Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook
July 18, 2005

Palestinian Chaos: It's Official
By Micah Halpern
July 7, 2005

The Next Intifada
By David Bedein
June 28, 2005

Bracing for Collapse
By David Bedein
June 21, 2005

The Lies of PA TV
By Michael Widlanski
June 20, 2005

The Palestinian Authority: Hothouse for Teen Terror
By P. David Hornik
June 2, 2005

Business As Usual in the Palestinian Authority
By Daniel Pipes
May 17, 2005

Killing the Messengers
By Arlene Kushner
May 9, 2005

Palestinians Send Birthday Wishes to Saddam
By Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook
May 4, 2005

In Arafat's Footsteps
By Michael Widlanski
April 8, 2005

PA Religious Leaders Call for Genocide of Jews
By Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook
September 28, 2004

PA Celebrates Child Killer
By Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook
September 17, 2004

Islamikazi War and Palestinian Poverty
By David Meir-Levy
September 15, 2004

Disclosed
By Lee Kaplan
September 1, 2004

Junior Jihadists
By Erick Stakelbeck and Michal Deskalo
August 6, 2004

The Beleaguered Christians of the Palestinian Authority
By David Raab
March 16, 2004

If Hamas Inherits the Palestinian Authority
By Shmuel Bar
February 3, 2004

One Man Bank
By Asaf Romirowsky
November 28, 2003

Arafat’s Stolen Riches
By Sam F. Ghattas
September 23, 2003

Abu Mazen’s Irrelevant Resignation
By JINSA.org
September 9, 2003

Road Map To Terror
By David Bedein
August 28, 2003

On the Conflict Between Hamas and the Palestinian Authority
By Yael Yehoshua
July 21, 2003

Hamas and the Palestinian Authority are One
By Alyssa A. Lappen
June 19, 2003

The Right Road to Peace
By Binyamin Elon
June 9, 2003

The Challenge of Hamas to Fatah
By Jonathan Schanzer
Spring 2003

Arafat’s Purse
By Rachel Ehrenfeld
September 16, 2002

The Palestinian Authority and Terrorism - Picture of the Current Situation
By the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs
October 11, 2001

A Gaza-West Bank Split?
By Jonathan Schanzer
July/August 2001

Focus on Hamas: The PLO's Friend or Foe?
By Morton A. Klein
June 1996


Video:

Teaching Hatred via Music Videos and Cultural Expression
By Palestinian Media Watch
2000-2007

 


Click here to view a sample Profile.

Ramallah, West Bank
Gaza City, Gaza


Palestinian Authority (PA)'s Visual Map


  • Semi-autonomous Palestinian governing institution created by the Oslo peace process’s Declaration of Principles in 1993
  • Rules Gaza and the West Bank, much as the PLO did in the 1970s


The Palestinian Authority (PA), alternately known as the Palestinian National Authority, was created by the Oslo peace process's Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangement, signed on September 13, 1993 by the Government of Israel and by the "Palestinian Delegation" that included representatives of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). Since then, the PA has acted as a semi-autonomous institution nominally governing approximately 99 percent of Palestinians who live in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

The Palestinian Authority has an observer status in the United Nations. It operates a "police force" with up to 45,000 members (three times the number permitted by the Declaration of Principles and subsequent agreements), many of whom carry automatic weapons and use armored cars as if they were a militia or an army. The PA operates at least 14 different security services, including secret police such as the Preventive Security Service, and controls intimidating street gangs entrusted with the duty of enforcing its edicts by means of fear.

The PA's chief executive from its inception until his death in 2004 was Yasser Arafat, who also retained his title as Chairman of the Executive Committee of the PLO. Arafat was elected "President" (or more precisely ra'is, Arabic for "head") of the Palestinian Authority on January 20, 1996, garnering 88.1 percent of the votes. According to PalestineFacts.org, “The date of the elections was more than 18 months later than planned, a delay used by … Arafat to consolidate his grip on the Palestinian populace and silence opposition. Any independent news sources were intimidated into silence, and opposing political organizations quietly disappeared. Arafat manipulated the election with rules to forbid anyone from running against him without his express approval, as reported by the UN election observer team."

Arafat controlled all PA media by way of the 1995 Palestinian Press Law, which made it a crime for any newspaper to publish articles that "may cause harm to national unity." In practice, this vague phrase meant that both newspaper print runs and entire publishing companies could be expropriated if they reported anything that displeased Arafat and the PA. 

Economically, the Palestine Commercial Services Company is the economic arm of the Palestinian Authority. It owns stakes in many companies and it operates monopolies in industries where the PA prohibits competitors, including the production of cement, commercial sand, flour, oil, and cigarettes. PA operatives are also reportedly involved in a wide range of money-making criminal activities, from extortion and shakedowns of businesses to the counterfeiting of money and merchandise.

The Palestinian Authority collects a five percent "Palestine Liberation Fund Tax" on the incomes of all Palestinians worldwide, which reportedly brings in about $50 million each year.

Under the 1994 Paris Agreement, Israel agreed to transfer to the Palestinian Authority the tax receipts it collected on imported gasoline in PA territory, an amount in excess of $400 million and, under the Oslo agreement, other sales taxes worth about $250 million per year.  Israel also transferred to the PA the pension funds accumulated by Palestinians who worked for the Israeli Civil Administration. For Gaza employees alone, this amounted to $160 million, $140 million of which was promptly spent by Arafat for other purposes.

Moreover, during Arafat's tenure the PA received up to $1 billion each year in aid donations from the United States, Europe and Arab states. Total annual foreign aid to the PA rivaled, and may have exceeded, the level of funding the United States provides to Israel. Accounting for what happened to this money, as well as to other Palestinian Authority revenues, is difficult because of the PA's refusal to make its financial activities transparent. "I refused and I will never accept!" said Yasser Arafat of oversight conditions proposed for aid by the International Monetary Fund in July 1994. "I completely refuse any controls by anybody on Palestinian Autonomy, except the Palestinians themselves. We didn't finish military occupation to get economic occupation."

According to financial investigator Rachel Ehrenfeld, "Jawad Ghussein, until 1996 the Secretary General of the Palestinian National fund, told the Ha'aretz newspaper in August 2002 that Arafat 'took aid money and contributions [approximately $8 million each month] that were earmarked for the Palestinian people to his own account.'" Ghussein estimated that at least $540 million had been diverted into Arafat's personal bank account.

A United Nations report suggests that Arafat also diverted a large proportion of the aid money received by the PA to his various militias. In Spring 2000, Israeli troops seized documents in Arafat's Ramallah headquarters showing Arafat's approval for a $20,000 payment to the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, many of whose members also received paychecks from the PA as official employees of its security services. Further evidence of PA malfeasance came to light in February 2004, when it was reported that the European Union's anti-fraud OLAF office was studying documents indicating that Arafat and the PA had diverted tens of millions of dollars in EU funds to terrorist organizations. Marwan Barghouti, leader of Arafat's Fatah/Tanzim militia in the West Bank, reportedly continued to receive his $2,500-per-month salary from the Palestinian Authority even after he was arrested and indicted for the murder of 26 Israelis. 

Since 1994, when almost all Palestinians living in Israel came under the autonomous and independent control of the PA, the economies of the West Bank and Gaza Strip have been crippled by the Authority’s despotic rule. By 2003, the West Bank’s GDP had shrunk to about one-tenth of what it had been in 1992 -- a result of the PA's misappropriation of more than $5.2 billion into the personal accounts of Arafat and his lieutenants and militias. The Second Intifada, which began in September 2000, also contributed to the sharp deterioration in Palestinians' living standards. The poverty rate nearly tripled, from 20 percent in 1999 to 55 percent in 2003. Once-prosperous commercial towns became economic basket cases. 

As early as 2001, the Government of Israel had designated the PA as an "Entity Supporting Terrorism." In 2004, Papal Nuncio Msgr. Pietro Sambi described the Palestinian Authority Constitution as the "framework for a totalitarian Islamic terror state." In April of that year, Arafat told the German magazine Focus that he was prepared to share power with the terrorist groups Hamas and Islamic Jihad in a new leadership structure that would operate in parallel with the Palestinian Authority. Arafat had released many members of both groups from PA jails.

After Arafat’s death, he was succeeded as the leader of both the PA and Fatah by Mahmoud Abbas, a.k.a. Abu Mazen.

In a January 2006 election, Hamas became the dominant force in the PA by winning 76 of the 132 parliamentary seats, giving that party the right to form the next Cabinet under President Abbas. On March 29, 2006, Hamas formally took the reins of Palestinian government. The new 24-member Hamas Cabinet included 14 ministers who had previously served time in Israeli prisons.

In 2007, the PA granted honorary citizenship to two convicted terrorists “as an act of dedication to their struggle and their heroic suffering in the occupation’s prisons.” One of these was the Lebanese-born Samir Kuntar, who, while serving a life sentence in an Israeli prison, was included in a deal whereby Israel exchanged him and some other imprisoned terrorists for the remains of two deceased Israeli soldiers. Palestinian leaders and masses had agitated for his release for decades, praising him as a “brave leader” and “model warrior.” Kuntar's crime had occurred in 1979, when he was the ringleader of a group of terrorists who broke into the home of a northern Israeli couple and their two daughters (aged 2 and 4). After the father was shot dead in front of his daughter, Kuntar used the butt of his rifle to crush the four-year-old’s skull against a rock.

In July 2007 it was reported that in recent years two PA officials who were Fatah members had stolen tens of millions of U.S. dollars that had been earmarked to help Fatah ward off the aggression of its rival, Hamas. One of those officials, Mahmoud Dahlan, had smuggled $27 million and invested much of it in construction projects in Dubai. His associate Rashid Abu Shabak, former chief of the Palestinian Security Services, had smuggled another $25 million. Palestinian Finance Minister Salam Fayyad's office reported that of some $60 million in U.S. aid that had been deposited in a bank account for Fatah’s exclusive benefit, only $7 million was not stolen. Dahlan and Shabak both fled the Gaza Strip prior to Hamas’ takeover of the region and all its U.S.-backed Fatah security compounds in June 2007.

In December 2009, the PA announced its plan to name a public square in the Municipality of Ramallah in honor of the terrorist Dalal Mughrabi, who led one of the deadliest terror attacks in Israel's history when she and several accomplices hijacked a bus and murdered 37 civilians in 1978. The date chosen for the inaugural ceremony was March 11, 2010 – the 32nd anniversary of the attack. When Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu criticized the PA for its intention to name the square after Mughrabi, PA chairman Mahmoud Abbas referred to Mughrabi's actions as "military activities."

In December 2012, the Arab Organization for Human Rights (AOHR) issued a report accusing the PA of inhumane practices and human rights violations against Palestinian civilians in the West Bank – including torture, detentions, interrogations, and terminating people's employment. According to the Jerusalem Post:

"From June 2007 until the end of 2011, PA security forces detained 13,271 Palestinian citizens and 96 percent were subjected to various methods of torture, the [AOHR] report said. This resulted in the death of six detainees and caused 'chronic illness' in others."

The report added: "AOHR places complete responsibility for these human rights violations on the Palestinian President Abbas."

In March 2013, an op-ed in the official PA newspaper, Al-Haya Al-Jadida, stated that Adolf Hitler had been ujustly maligned by historians: “Had Hitler won, Nazism would be an honor that people would be competing to belong to, and not a disgrace punishable by law.... Churchill and Roosevelt were alcoholics and in their youth, were questioned more than once about brawls they started in bars, while Hitler hated alcohol and was not addicted to it. He used to go to sleep very early and wake up early and was very organized. These facts have been turned upside down as well, and Satan has been dressed with angels’ wings…"

 

 

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