- Geneva-based human rights organization that has a working relationship with several anti-Israel groups
Founded in Berlin in 1952 and currently based in Geneva, the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) states that it is “dedicated to the primacy, coherence, and implementation of international law and principles that advance human rights.” The organization has a membership of sixty jurists representing many different legal systems, and strives to promote “the development, promotion and clarification of international [human rights] standards.” Major ICJ funders include the governments of Austria, Finland, Cyprus, Britain, and Sweden; the French Prime Minister’s office; the Greek Minister of Justice’s office; and the Tapei Bar.
ICJ works in a number of program areas:
The Global Security & Rule of Law Program seeks “to persuade governments that counter-terrorism measures must respect the rule of law and human rights and humanitarian law.” This directive is aimed particularly at Israel, characterizing that nation’s efforts to thwart Palestinian suicide bombings and other attacks on Israeli citizens as violations of human rights. ICJ has developed ongoing working relationships with Al-Haq, LAW, and the Palestine Center for Human Rights — three NGOs with pronounced anti-Israel biases.
The Judges & Lawyers Program “works for justice systems in countries around the world to be independent in law and practice, impartial and active in protecting human rights and freedoms and promoting the rule of law.”
The International Economic Relations Program “addresses the legal accountability of increasingly powerful non-state economic actors when their conduct negatively affects human rights.”
- The International Law & Protection Program “is a living tool [that] must constantly evolve so victims are better protected and states are held accountable [for human rights violations].”
In addition to the aforementioned thematic program areas, ICJ divides its activities into five regional programs:
Middle East & North Africa: “The ICJ will … continue to monitor rule of law developments throughout the region and intervene accordingly, with a special focus on Israel and the Palestinian Occupied Territories.”
Latin America: “In Latin America the independence and effectiveness of the judiciary, as well as impunity, are key issues for the ICJ, with particular priority in 2006 given to Colombia, Guatemala, Nicaragua and Venezuela. Counter-terrorism is a significant issue of concern in Colombia.”
Asia-Pacific: “Impunity and the role of courts in protecting civilians during a conflict … continue to be significant themes for the ICJ in the region,” especially in Nepal and Thailand.
Africa: “The independence and accountability of judges and lawyers is a dominant theme in the ICJ’s Africa Progra[m]. Counter-terrorism is primarily an issue in East Africa. Kenya and Zimbabwe have been identified as priority countries …”
- Europe/North America: Asserting that “New laws and policies adopted or debated since 11 September 2001 pose a major rule of law challenge in the region,” ICJ expresses particular concern about: “the laws, policies and practices affecting the prohibition of torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment“; “inquiries into cases of alleged torture or ill-treatment, accountability through criminal investigation and prosecution, and civil remedies for abuses”; “the transfer of terrorist suspects to third countries from the custody of the United States and … standards and procedures to assess risks of torture and ill-treatment”; “the scope of and justifications for the policy of rendition of terrorist suspects”; “alleged secret or incommunicado detention of terrorist suspects”; “the detention of ‘enemy combatants’ … [and] their legal status”; “the access to the civilian judiciary, including the right to habeas corpus, and limitations on access imposed by the ‘Detainee Treatment Act’”; “the invocation of ‘state secrets privilege’ and its impact on the right to an effective remedy of individuals affected by counter-terrorism measures”; “the right to a fair trial and due process of terrorist suspects”; “the definition of terrorism and the scope of terrorism offenses, including the use of terrorist lists for criminal and administrative measures”; “the impact of counter-terrorism measures on the right to non-discrimination, including the use of racial, religious and ethnic profiling”; “the impact of counter-terrorism measures on the rights of immigrants and asylum seekers”; “the impact of counter-terrorism measures on the right to privacy, including surveillance under the ‘Patriot Act’ and surveillance without judicial and/or congressional authorization”; and “the impact of counter-terrorism measures on the right to freedom of expression, freedom of association and freedom of religion.”