Founded in 1990, the New Black Panther Party for Self-Defense (NBPP) is a militant black separatist organization, notorious for promoting racial violence against Jews and whites. According to an Anti-Defamation League report: "Much of the NBPP's ideology derives from the notion that African-Americans continue to suffer as a result of a racist white power structure that has oppressed them politically and economically since slavery. The primary perpetrators of this institutional racism, according to the NBPP, are whites, whom it views as ultimately responsible for Black exploitation; Jews, whom it sees as wielding disproportionate control of political and economic affairs; and law enforcement, which it sees as facilitating racial injustice on the ground."
We want the power to practice self-determination, and to determine the destiny of our community and THE BLACK NATION.
We want full employment for our people … We believe that since the white man has kept us deaf, dumb and blind, and used every dirty trick in the book to stand in the way of our freedom and independence, that we should be gainfully employed until such time we can employ and provide for ourselves.
We believe that this wicked racist government has robbed us, and now we are demanding the overdue debt of reparations.
We believe our people should be exempt from ALL TAXATION as long as we are deprived of equal justice under the laws of the land and the overdue reparations debt remains unpaid.
We want decent housing, fit for shelter of human beings, [and] free health-care (preventive and maintenance).
We want an end to the trafficking of drugs and to the biological and chemical warfare targeted at our people.
We want education for our people that exposes the true nature of this devilish and decadent American society.
We believe that Black People should not be forced to fight in the military service to defend a racist government that holds us captive and does not protect us.
We want an immediate end to POLICE HARRASSMENT, BRUTALITY and MURDER of Black People.
We ... believe that all Black People should unite and form an African United Front and arm ourselves for self-defense.
We believe that all Black People and people of color should be released from the many jails and prisons because they have not received a fair and impartial trial.
WE DEMAND AN END TO THE RACIST DEATH PENALTY AS IT IS APPLIED TO BLACK AND OPPRESSED PEOPLE IN AMERICA. [All emphases are in the original.]
Another NBPP document, titled "The Nationalist Manifesto," asserts that whites seek to exterminate people of African descent: "The Black man's menace has been, and still is, the white man's diabolical and determined plan to commit GENOCIDE! Even as they exterminated the American Indians, and the Australian Aborigines; so too, every plan, every scheme, points to their murderous intent to liquidate the African people."
Despite its name, NBPP is not a successor to the original Black Panther Party of the 1960s. Indeed, Black Panther co-founder Bobby Sealecondemned NBPP for “hijacking our history” and “our name.” David Hilliard, also a former Panther and the Executive Director of the Huey P. Newton Foundation, similarly denounced NBPP: “Failing to find its own legitimacy in the black community, this band would graft the Party’s name upon itself, which we condemn.”
NBPP's earliest roots can be traced to Michael McGee, a former member of the original Black Panthers and a two-term Milwaukee city council member, who in 1990 recruited street-gang thugs and cobbled together a "Black Panther Militia." "They already know how to shoot," said McGee. "I’m going to give them a cause worth dying for." Later that year, McGee arranged a meeting at a local public school to recruit additional members for his new organization. "Our militia," he told those in attendance, "will be about violence. I’m talking actual fighting, bloodshed and urban guerilla warfare."
Inspired by McGee’s confrontational tactics, radio producer Aaron Michaels founded a similar group in Dallas in 1990; the following year, he registered the New Black Panther Party name. By the time it hosted a “National Black Power Summit and Youth Rally” on May 29, 1993, Michaels’ Dallas outfit had given rise to a national NBPP organization. McGee, who was a guest speaker at that event, claimed that there were now NBPP chapters in some 20 cities across America. Michaels had become the organization's acknowledged leader, and he soon recruited a number of radical and outspoken racists to his cause.
Khalid Abdul Muhammad, a former spokesman for Nation of Islam (NOI) leader Louis Farrakhan, was one of the most prominent extremists to join NBPP in the mid-1990s. By 1998, Muhammad had become NBPP's chairman, with Aaron Michaels agreeing to take the lesser position of “Minister of Defense.” When Muhammad died of a brain aneurysm in February 2001, Malik Zulu Shabazz, Muhammad’s longtime protégé, succeeded him as chairman of the organization.
In the wake of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, NBPP promoted numerous conspiracy theories alleging Jewish complicity. NBPP officer Amir Muhammad, for instance, suggested that Jews had been forewarned of the terror plot and thus stayed away from the attack sites on 9/11: "There are reports that as many as 3,000 to 5,000 so-called Jews did not go to work [at the World Trade Center and the Pentagon] that day, and we need to take a serious look at that."
NBPP has consistently maintained that Jews were "significantly and substantially" involved in the transatlantic slave trade. At an August 2002 slavery-reparations demonstration in the District of Columbia, Party members sold t-shirts that read: "How did we get to America? Heartless Christian Buyer, Ruthless Jewish seller."
NBPP's traditionally close ties to Louis Farrakhan and his Nation of Islam (NOI) became strained during Khalid Abdul Muhammad's tenure as Panther chairman. But relations between the two groups took a decided turn for the better in February 2005, when Farrakhan appointed Muhammad's successor, Malik Zulu Shabazz, as national co-convener of the 10th anniversary commemoration of NOI's Million Man March. Since then, Shabazz has been a frequent guest at NOI events, and, conversely, NOI representatives have also taken part in NBPP events.
In 2006, some NBPP members worked on the security entourage of Georgia congresswoman Cynthia McKinney, who was seeking re-election. After McKinney lost the Democratic primary in August to a fellow African American named Hank Johnson, one of those Panthers shouted expletives at the media, calling them "crackers" and telling them, "You got what you damn wanted. You got your Uncle Tom [a reference to Johnson], now go put your cameras on him." When a reporter subsequently asked McKinney why she thought she had lost the vote, an NBPP member interrupted, shouting, "Why do you think she lost? You wanna know what led to the loss? Israel. The Zionists. You. Put on your yarmulke and celebrate."
Also in 2006, NBPP organized a number of marches outside Duke University and made numerous media appearances to demand that a jury convict the three white Duke lacrosse team members whom a black female had accused of rape. When the prosecution's case ultimately collapsed in April 2007, and it became clear that the defendants had been falsely charged, NBPP steadfastly maintained that the rich, white families affiliated with Duke had placed political pressure on the investigation and had forced the charges to be dropped.
On Election Day, November 4, 2008, NBPP was involved in a controversial incident outside an open polling station in Philadelphia, where Jerry Jackson (an elected member of Philadelphia’s 14th Ward Democratic Committee and an official Democratic Party polling observer) and Minister King Samir Shabazz (chairman of NBPP’s Philadelphia chapter) intimidated white voters with racial slurs (e.g., "white devils") and threats of violence. “You are about to be ruled by the black man [a reference to Barack Obama], Cracker!” they yelled at voters. Samir Shabazz, who brandished a police-style nightstick, was eventually led away by police.
On January 7, 2009, the Justice Department under President Bush filed criminal charges against Jackson, Minister Shabazz, and NBPP chairman Malik Zulu Shabazz for violating the 1965 Voting Rights Act. The failure of all three men to appear in court led to an order by U.S. District Judge Stewart Dalzell to seek judgments or sanctions against the three Panthers.
As of May 5, 2009, the Justice Department (which was now under President Barack Obama and Attorney General Eric Holder) was still considering the case. But in the middle of that month, the Department filed a notice of voluntary dismissal. It did ask for a default judgment against King Samir Shabazz, but limited the punishment to an order that he not exhibit a “weapon within 100 feet of any open polling location on any election day in the city of Philadelphia” until November 15, 2012.
In June 2010, J. Christian Adams, who had served in the Voting Section of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) for five years, resigned over what he called the “corrupt nature of the dismissal of the [Philadelphia] case.” Adams was one of the five lawyers who had initially begun litigating the case and had urged continuing it to the end, but he was overruled by associate attorney general Thomas Perrelli, an Obama appointee, and later by assistant attorney general Thomas Perez. In July 2010, Adams testified before the U.S. Civil Rights Commission that the DOJ had instructed attorneys in its civil rights division to ignore cases involving black defendants and white victims. According to Adams, the Obama DOJ had shown "hostility" to such cases "over and over and over again."
On September 21, 2010, NBPP members dined with Louis Farrakhan and Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad at New York City's Warwick Hotel.
In March 2012, NBPP weighed in on the explosive case of Trayvon Martin, a black teenager who had recently been shot and killed under disputed circumstances by a "white Hispanic" named George Zimmerman in Sanford, Florida. Declaring that “White America” had “failed black people” for “400 years” and would no longer be permitted to “kill black children and get away with it,” the Panthers initially offered a $10,000 bounty for the “capture” of Zimmerman. Lest there be any ambiguity about what was meant by “capture,” the group not only demanded “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth,” but also circulated a flyer that read: “MURDERED in Cold BLOOD—Child killer of Trayvon Martin—WANTED DEAD or ALIVE.” Soon thereafter, the Panthers upped the ante to $1 million, a sum which they expected to collect in donations “from the black community [including] athletes and entertainers.” The Panthers’ southern regional leader, Mikhail Muhammad, said: “He [Zimmerman] should be fearful for his life. You can’t keep killing black children.”
On April 6, 2012, three NBPP leaders conducted a group phone call to discuss a scheduled rally that was to be held in memory of Trayvon Martin. During the course of that call, they said:
"[I]f you are having any doubt about getting suited, booted, and armed up for this race war that we’re in that has never ended, let me tell you somethin…the thing that’s about to happen these honkies, these crackers, these pigs, these people, these motherf***er[s]…it has been long overdue.”
"[W]e got to suit up and boot up…and get prepared for the war that we’re in…this stuff got to boil over, and all your greats talked about that happened to be bloodshed involved with revolution -- true revolution means some bloodshed, so there‘s blood being spilled because there’s a new life that is beyond this bloodshed."
“And there are those who wish they could stand in this hour, to see the destruction of the devil’s world and the devil’s society -- and I‘m ain’t talking about no dude underneath the ground with a pitchfork and pantyhose. I’m talking about that blonde-haired, blue-eyed, sometimes brown-eyed, Caucasian walkin' around with a mindset, a demonistic mindset, and a nature to do evil and brutality.”
For additional quotes from the NBPP conference call, and to hear an audio recording of the call, click here.
Also on April 6, 2012, an NBPP leader called for "the complete removal of capitalism," on grounds that it "sets up a class structure and a class society" founded on "racism" and the exploitation of the "have nots."
In May 2012, NBPP's national field marshal, King Samir Shabazz, made a number of incendiary statements, including the following:
“I love white-on white-crime, because that is the best crime, and we‘re going say ’black power’ to that. You understand what I mean?”
“I love black people, and I hate the g*ddamn white man, woman, and child, grandma, aunt, uncle, Pappa Billy Bob, and whoever else. Redneck Tom and Blueneck Robert, and whoever else you wanna name. I hate the white man. I hate the very look of white people. I hate the sound of white people. G*ddamnit, I hate the smell of white people. I hate the oppression of black people, I hate the murder and the rape and the torture and the taking away of our names, our culture, our God, our music and damn, I hate this cracker for everything he has done to us.”
“You should be thankful we’re not running around here hanging crackers by nooses and all that kind of stuff, yet, yet, yet.”
“Some of us, some of y’all – are even scared to have a wet dream about killing the g*ddamn cracker.”
“We’re raising men and women in this army, we don’t have time for punks. We don’t allow fa*gots and lesbians in this army – sorry, wrong army. This is for black liberation, not rainbow liberation.”
“Just imagine everybody listening right now, you walk outside on your block in your hood, and everybody on your block is now revolutionary. Everybody on your block is ready to bang on this cracker. Can you imagine what kind of community that would be? … That is the kind of community our ancestors would be proud of.”
“You can fight this white man – and I’m not telling you to go out there and attack nobody – but in self-defense it’s okay to fight back. We’re taught to send this cracker to the cemetery; when he put his hand on us, we send him to the cemetery in self defense.”
In a June 2012 segment on NBPP Radio, an NBPP member known as "General TACO" (acronym for "Taking All Capitalists Out") warned that his organization would “hunt” white people's “pink asses down” and kill them because of their “history” of pushing “crack, AIDS and unemployment” on black people in order to “exterminate” them. He then added: “Once [white people] die, we should dig ‘em up, and kill 'em again, bury 'em, dig 'em up, and kill 'em again, and again, and again!”
In October 2013, Malik Zulu Shabazz announced that he was stepping down from his position as NBPP's national chairman in order to focus on his career as an attorney with Black Lawyers for Justice, though he pledged to continue serving NBPP as a “spiritual guide.” His replacement as NBPP's national chairman was Hashim Nzinga, who had previously served as the organization's chief of staff and had been involved with the group since 1994, when he was Khalid Abdul Muhammad's personal assistant.
NBPP reacted with outrage when a white police officer named Darren Wilson shot and killed 18-year-old Michael Brown, a black male who had forcibly robbed a convenience store in Ferguson, Missouri just 10 minutes before his death on August 9, 2014. The Panthers and other radicals attributed the shooting to police racism, and black mobs engaged in several days of violent rioting, looting, and arson.
When compelling ballistic, eyewitness, and forensic evidence eventually (in late October 2014) indicated that Brown in fact had assaulted the officer and tried to steal his gun just prior to the fatal shooting, the radicals' fanatical rage over the incident was undiminished. On November 21, 2014, the FBI arrested two NBPP members from the St. Louis area—Brandon Orlando Baldwin and Olajuwon Ali Davis (a Muslim convert)—on charges that they had purchased illegal guns as well as explosives that they intended to convert into pipe bombs for use in Ferguson street demonstrations. Among other things, they were plotting to blow up the famed Gateway Arch, a St. Louis landmark. They also planned to assassinate Ferguson Police Chief Tom Jackson and prosecuting attorney Bob McCulloch.
When a grand jury announced on November 24, 2014 that it would not indict Officer Wilson—because of overwhelming evidence indicating that he had shot Brown in self-defense—another wave of rioting, looting, and arson ensued.|
On August 12, 2015, a group of about 15 NBPP members—armed with shotguns, hunting rifles and AR-15 style rifles—marched in the street in front of the Waller County (Texas) Jail, chanting slogans that called for the murder of police officers (“pigs”). In one of the chants, two separate groups of participants shouted in a back-and-forth exchange:
“The revolution is on!” / “Off the pigs!” “Time to pick up the gun!” / “Off the pigs!” “No more pigs in my community!” / “Off the pigs!” “No more brothers in jail!” / “Off the pigs!” “No more sisters in jail!” / “Off the pigs!” “The pigs are gonna get scared!” / “Off the pigs!” “The pigs are gonna get dead!” / “Off the pigs!”
In other chants, they shouted slogans like “Oink Oink … Bang Bang”; “All power to the people”; “Whose streets? Our streets”; “Freedom or Death”; and “We want our damn freedom. We don’t want no more of your God damn legislation.”
The protesters were met, in a standoff, by a large contingent of Harris County (Houston) Sheriff’s Office deputies. Despite the tense atmosphere, there was no violence and no one was arrested during the protest.
In a July 10, 2016 radio interview, NBPP's “national minister of defense” and co-founder of the Huey P. Newton Gun Club, Babu Omowale, said that his group and its allies were intent upon establishing a separate black nation. “The end game is land ownership,” Omowale elaborated. “The endgame is our own government in a nation within a nation. Okay. So we claim the states of Louisiana, we claim the states of Mississippi, we claim the states of South Carolina, we claim the states of Alabama, and we claim the states of Georgia. We just need to start migrating back to those states and taking control of the economics in those states. If black people move in, most definitely white people will move out. So it’s not a hard process for us to have our own country within a country.”
Over the years, NBPP leaders and representatives in New York have worked with elected officials such as former city councilman Charles Barron, who has appeared at a number of local NBPP events.
To help disseminate its message as broadly as possible, NBPP airs its own programming on Black Power Radio.
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