Fred Krupp is the president of the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), which describes itself as an advocacy organization “dedicated to protecting the environmental rights of all people, including future generations.” Founded in 1967 by a group of scientists who believed that the best way to promote environmental awareness and sustainability was to go “to court on behalf of the environment,” EDF claims to have had much success in its efforts as a litigating organization.
Krupp was a member of President Bill Clinton’s Commission on Sustainable Development and served on Clinton’s Advisory Committee for Trade Policy and Negotiations. Krupp led EDF’s delegation for the Kyoto Protocol, a “global warming” treaty that called for worldwide reduction of greenhouse gases, with the United States bearing the lion’s share of the burden, and has been highly critical of President Bush’s 2001 decision to not support the treaty. Said Krupp, “The Bush administration’s approach of ‘explore for oil and ignore the science on global warming’ leaves the United States increasingly isolated from the rest of the world.” Krupp, however, was far more forgiving of the Clinton administration, which never asked the Senate to ratify the Protocol. Moreover, Energy Information Administration (EIA) statistics show that by the time Clinton left office in January 2001, greenhouse gas emissions were 14 percent higher than 1990 levels. EIA statistics demonstrate that 2002 (in the midst of President Bush’s first administration), greenhouse gas emissions had diminished to levels that were only 11.5 percent higher than the 1990 levels (as opposed to 14 percent higher).
In 2004 Krupp criticized the proposed merger between Exxon and Mobil on grounds that each of the two corporations opposed the Kyoto Protocol. His condemnations, however, were hypocritical, given that Krupp’s EDF took part in a similar merger with Environmental Resources Trust, whose board chairman C. Boyden Gray also opposes the treaty.
Krupp is a member of the board of trustees of the H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment, of which Teresa Heinz Kerry is a fellow board member. Heinz Kerry also serves on the board of directors of Krupp’s EDF. In addition, the Vira I. Heinz Endowment, whose director is Ms. Heinz Kerry, has granted over $1 million to EDF in recent years.
Krupp also serves as a board member for the Kennedy School Environmental Council, and the Leadership Council of the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. He received his Juris Doctor degree from the University of Michigan.