This section of DiscoverTheNetworks features the writings of some of the more notable critics of affirmative action in contemporary America. These include the following:
An economist and sociologist who has been a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution since 1980, Sowell has written extensively about affirmative action's injustices and its tendency to breed intergroup animosity wherever it is implemented. Among his major publications are such books as: Black Rednecks and White Liberals (2005); The Quest for Cosmic Justice (1999); The Vision of the Anointed (1995); Preferential Policies: An International Pespective (1990); A Conflict of Visions (1987); Civil Rights: Rhetoric or Reality? (1984); and The Economics and Politics of Race (1983).
A California Board of Regents member from 1993-2005, Connerly led the 1996 fight to pass Proposition 209, which ended affirmative action in California’s public sector. He is also the founder and chairman of the American Civil Rights Institute, a national non-profit organization that opposes racial and gender preferences.
Abigail Thernstrom is a senior fellow at the Manhattan Institute in New York, a member of the Massachusetts state Board of Education, the Vice Chair of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, and a Board of Advisors member of the U.S. Election Assistance Commission. She collaborated with her husband, Harvard historian Stephan Thernstrom, to write America in Black and White: One Nation, Indivisible (1997), and No Excuses: Closing the Racial Gap in Learning (2003).
Stephan Thernstrom is the Winthrop Professor of History at Harvard University, where he teaches American social history. He is the editor of the Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups, and the author of such books as Poverty and Progress: Social Mobility in a Nineteenth-Century City; Poverty and Progress in the American Metropolis, 1880-1970; and A History of the American People. He collaborated with his wife Abigail Thernstrom to write America in Black and White: One Nation, Indivisible (1997), and No Excuses: Closing the Racial Gap in Learning (2003).
Walter E. Williams
Walter E. Williams has been on the faculty of George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, as John M. Olin Distinguished Professor of Economics, since 1980. He serves on the Boards of Directors for Grove City College, the Reason Foundation, and the Hoover Institution. He also serves on Advisory Boards for the Cato Institute, the Landmark Legal Foundation, the Institute of Economic Affairs, and the Heritage Foundation.
Shelby Steele is the Robert J. and Marion E. Oster Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution. He specializes in the study of race relations, multiculturalism, and affirmative action. He a member of the National Association of Scholars, the National Board of the American Academy for Liberal Education, the University Accreditation Association, and the National Board at the Manhattan Institute's Center for the New American Community. Among his notable publications are: The Content of Our Character: A New Vision of Race in America (1990); A Dream Deferred: The Second Betrayal of Black Freedom in America (1999); and White Guilt: How Blacks and Whites Together Destroyed the Promise of the Civil Rights Era (2006).
Dinesh D'Souza is currently the Robert and Karen Rishwain Fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. Among his more notable publications are: Illiberal Education (1991) and The End of Racism (1995).
Heather MacDonald is a John M. Olin fellow at the Manhattan Institute and a contributing editor to City Journal. A non-practicing attorney, MacDonald has written prolifically on the topics of policing and racial profiling, immigration, homeland security, education, and welfare. She also has authored the following books: The Immigration Solution: A Better Plan Than Today's (2007); Are Cops Racist? How the War Against the Police Harms Black Americans (2003); and The Burden of Bad Ideas (2000).
Larry Elder has worked for KABC Talk Radio in Los Angeles since March 1994, hosting the highly rated "Larry Elder Show" each weekday. In August 2002, he began a nationally syndicated daily talk program for ABC Radio Networks. He has authored the books, The Ten Things You Can't Say In America; Showdown: Confronting Bias, Lies, and the Special Interests that Divide America; and Stupid Black Men: How to Play the Race Card -- and Lose.
Linda Chavez is Chair of the Center for Equal Opportunity, a non-profit public policy research organization based in Sterling, Virginia. She also writes a weekly syndicated column that appears in newspapers across the United States and is a political analyst for FOX News Channel.