Jesse Jackson, Sr. was born in Greenville, South Carolina on October 8, 1941. In 1959 he was accepted to the University of Illinois on a football scholarship, but a year later he transferred to North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University. There, Jackson became active in the nascent civil-rights movement and led various protests and sit-ins at Southern restaurants and other businesses. In 1964, Jackson graduated from college with a degree in sociology. The following year he marched with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in Selma, Alabama, and became the director of Operation Breadbasket, the economic arm of King's Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).
Theological Seminary Dropout
In 1966 Jackson moved to Chicago to begin divinity studies at the Chicago Theological Seminary (CTS), but his academic performance was abysmal and he dropped out during his first year. Nevertheless, he soon began referring to himself as a Baptist minister. Kenneth Timmerman—author of the book Shakedown: Exposing the Real Jesse Jackson—explains:
“[There is normally] a two- to three-year process for earning that title [Reverend]. Jesse Jackson got himself ordained two months after Martin Luther King was shot. It was essentially a political ordination, a shotgun ordination.... He did not go through this two-year process. He never submitted himself to the authority of the church. He has never had a church himself, and he has been accountable to no one.”
It would not be until the year 2000 that Jackson actually received a Master of Divinity degree from CTS. By that time, his son—Congressman Jesse Jackson, Jr.—was on the board of the seminary. The younger Jackson had earned his M.A. in theology from that same institution a decade earlier.
Lies about Dr. King's Assassination
Jesse Jackson Sr. clashed with Martin Luther King Jr. on a number of occasions during the Sixties, and he has often overstated the closeness of his relationship to King—even claiming to have been the last person King spoke to after he had been mortally wounded by an assassin's bullet on April 4, 1968. Specifically, Jackson claimed that he was on the balcony with King immediately after the latter had been shot, and that he had cradled the dying civil-rights leader in his arms as he took his final breaths. But in fact, at the moment King was shot, Jackson was actually in a nearby parking lot talking to a group of musicians. Kenneth Timmerman describes what happened next:
“When the shots rang out, he [Jackson] fled and hid behind the swimming pool area and reappeared 20-30 minutes later when the television cameras arrived on the scene. That’s when Jesse Jackson told other Southern Christian Leadership Conference staffers, ‘Don’t you talk to the press, whatever you do.’ ... Nobody had given him that job. He took that job. Call it ‘entrepreneurial instinct’ if you wish, but on the spot he realized that he had an opportunity to spin the events to create his own persona and create a possibility for him to become a leader in the black movement. He had no prospects at that point.”
The next morning, Jackson flew to Chicago to make a guest appearance on the NBC Today Show. In the few hours that had passed between the King assassination and Jackson’s flight to the Windy City, Jackson had already hired a public-relations agent to accompany him as he was transported from interview to interview in a chauffeur-driven car. Before a national television audience on the Today Show, Jackson donned a shirt that he claimed was smeared with the dying Dr. King’s blood. “He died in my arms,” Jackson lied.
Leaving SCLC and Launching Operation PUSH
SCLC appointed King's close associate, Dr. Ralph Abernathy, to succeed the slain leader as head of the organization. This move angered Jackson, who had hoped to be the heir to King's civil-rights mantle. Soon thereafter, a black Chicago Tribune reporter named Angela Parker discovered that, Jackson, in the aftermath of King’s assassination, had embezzled money from Operation Breadbasket. Parker went to Atlanta and presented the evidence to Abernathy, who publicly confronted Jackson with the charges. Abernathy suspended Jackson for sixty days beginning on December 6, 1971, and SCLC board chairman Joseph Lowery charged Jackson with “administrative improprieties and repeated acts of violation of organizational policies.”
At that point, Jackson decided to break away from SCLC and establish his own organization called Operation PUSH (acronym for “People United to Serve Humanity”), which he launched On December 21, 1971. Jackson quickly radicalized PUSH's political agenda, moving to unseat the Chicago delegates of Mayor Richard Daley at the 1972 Democratic National Convention in Miami.
Operation PUSH would eventually become known as the Rainbow/PUSH Coalition (RPC). According to former Black Panther Party leader Eldridge Cleaver, who had broken with the Panthers and become an active anti-communist, the roots of RPC could be traced clearly to the Black Panther movement. By Cleaver's telling, Jackson's group was simply using “warmed over” 1960s-era rhetoric that had first been employed by the Panthers. Cleaver pointed out, for instance, that old Panther newspapers had commonly referred to a “rainbow coalition” of blacks, whites and Puerto Ricans.
In the early days of Operation PUSH, the organization's tactics were essentially the same as those of Operation Breadbasket: targeting corporations that failed to hire blacks or in other ways treated blacks unfairly, and giving assistance to black-owned businesses.
But numerous allegations of extortion and corruption dogged PUSH’s activities over the years, as well as the activities of subsequent Jackson-led groups like the Rainbow/PUSH Coalition and the Citizenship Education Fund (CEF). CEF, for instance, has received literally millions of dollars via negotiated settlements with companies that Jackson has frivolously accused of racist employment practices. These activities have been documented in numerous sources, most notably in Ken Timmerman’s Shakedown. Indeed, Jackson has repeatedly threatened businesses with boycotts, negative publicity, and (implicitly) outright violence if they refused to enrich him or his organizations. Some examples:
Commenting on arrangements like these, one corporate executive (speaking on condition of anonymity) said: “It seemed like a shakedown to me. They [Jackson and his organizations] had lists of people they wanted us to do business with, lists of things they wanted us to do, donations and things like that.”
Government Money for Jackson
The federal government has also funneled at least $50 million of taxpayer money into the coffers of Jackson and his various enterprises. The administration of President Jimmy Carter, for example, directed nearly $7 million in government funds to Operation PUSH.
Political Activism and Communist Ties, 1978-1996
In 1978 Jackson won the Eugene V. Debs Award, named in honor of the famed American socialist and union leader.
In 1979, with President Carter’s blessing, Jackson went to South Africa to speak against that nation's apartheid regime.
That same year, Jackson visited the longtime Palestinian terrorist leader Yasser Arafat, whom he judged to be an “educated, urbane, [and] reasonable” man. Jackson also stated that Arafat's “commitment to justice is an absolute one.”
Jackson was a supporter of the Marxist-Leninist regime in the Caribbean island nation of Grenada, a regime which U.S. forces (under President Reagan) overthrew in 1983.
In 1983 Jackson traveled to Syria to negotiate for the release of U.S. Navy Lieutenant Robert Goodman, who had been captured and imprisoned by the Syrian government. Syria paid some of the expenses associated with the trip, which was intended to embarrass the Reagan administration.
In the 1980s Jackson supported CISPES (The Committee in Solidarity with the People of EI Salvador), which backed the communist guerrillas in El Salvador.
In 1984 Jackson, alleging that President Reagan’s economic policies had severely impacted African Americans, made the first of his two runs for U.S. President. Despite a revelation by the Washington Post that Jackson had privately referred to Jews as “Hymies,” and to New York City as “Hymietown,” he received 3.5 million votes during the primaries, enough to guarantee respect within the Democratic Party and the chance to give a major speech at the 1984 Democratic National Convention.
The “Hymies/Hymietown” incident merits some explanation: In January 1984 Jackson used those terms during a private conversation with a black Washington Post reporter, Milton Coleman. Jackson assumed—largely because of what he perceived as his racial bond with the black reporter—that the references would not be printed in the media. But a few weeks later, Coleman would permit the slurs to be included in another Post reporter's article on Jackson's poor relations with American Jews. News of Jackson's comments set off a firestorm of controversy. Jackson at first denied having made the remarks, then accused Jews of conspiring to damage his credibility. Ultimately, however, in late February of 1984 he delivered an emotional, conciliatory speech admitting that he indeed had made the remarks in question.
In the January 1984 edition of the Communist Party USA (CPUSA) publication Political Affairs, Kevin Mercadel—a Harlem-based organizer for the New York Communist Party—said: “Our '84 electoral activity began with the formation of the Rainbow Coalition in Harlem in support of Jesse Jackson’s campaign for the presidency.” Such support, added Mercadel, “was expected of us.”
In 1984 Jackson, joined by his longtime advisor (and Communist Party member) Jack O'Dell and U.S. Peace Council member Mary Tate, paid a friendly visit to Syrian dictator Hafez al-Assad.
That same year, Jackson took a 300-person entourage (which included Jeremiah Wright) to Communist Cuba to visit Fidel Castro, whom Jackson described as “the most honest, courageous politician I have ever met.” While concluding a speech at the University of Havana, Jackson shouted: “Viva Fidel! Viva Che Guevara!" Castro, in turn, expressed high praise for Jackson: “He is a great personality, a brilliant man with a great talent, capable of communicating with people, very persuasive, reliable, honest. Jackson's main characteristic is honesty. He is sincere and there is not a single bit of demagoguery in his conversations.”
On July 20, 1984, Jackson was a featured guest at a UC Berkeley symposium sponsored by the Marxist magazine Black Scholar; three CPUSA members made presentations at the event.
A noteworthy publication that published some of Jackson's writings during the 1980s was Freedomways, an influential African-American literary and political journal created by the CPUSA. Subsidized by the Soviet and Chinese Communist Parties, Freedomways published from 1961-86.
In 1985 Jackson was the keynote speaker at a 10th anniversary commemoration of “the liberation of Vietnam” (i.e., the Communist victory); the ceremony was sponsored by the Communist Party USA.
In 1988 Jackson made his second bid for U.S. President. He won several Southern primaries and caucuses, showed significant strength in the North by winning the Michigan primary, and was briefly the Democratic frontrunner until Michael Dukakis rallied and claimed the nomination. The issues coordinator for Jackson's campaign was Robert Borosage, who had spent the previous nine years as director of the Institute for Policy Studies.
Longtime Communist Party USA leader Gus Hall endorsed Jackson’s 1988 campaign as a reflection of “a new level of united independent political action, within and outside the Democratic Party.” In July 1988, the Communist Party journal Political Affairs affirmed that communists were deeply involved with Jackson's campaign. And in the July 1989 edition of that same publication, CPUSA member John Holme wrote: “Like many of the campaigns in which Communists play an active role, the Jackson '88 campaign was an ‘inner Democratic Party struggle.’”
In 1991 Jackson was elected as a so-called “shadow senator” representing Washington, DC as an unpaid lobbyist to the U.S. Senate. Advocating DC statehood, Jackson said: “Our quest is simple: fairness and equal protection under the law and equal representation.” Jackson would hold his "shadow senator" post for six years.
During this same period, Jackson was an enthusiastic backer of the community organization ACORN. In 1992, for instance, he spoke at an ACORN “banking summit” where he asked rhetorically: “Why did Jesse James rob banks? Because that’s where the money was.”
In December 1993, Jackson and fellow Rainbow Coalition leader Dennis Rivera, both of whom supported efforts to end the U.S. trade embargo against Cuba, together took a five-day holiday in Havana.
In 1996 Jackson was one of the original 130 founders of the Campaign for America's Future (CAF). To view a list of additional noteworthy CAF founders, click here.
Condemning American Racism; Supporting Racial Preferences
The signature theme of Jackson’s career as a civil-rights activist has been his persistent claim that whites are reflexive racists, and that racial progress has proceeded far too slowly and imperceptibly in its treatment of black citizens in recent decades. Calling white racism a problem that “the entire nation has to deal with,” Jackson professes to yearn for a future “in which white Americans will have grown, by overcoming their unfounded fears” of black people. “Racism,” he says, “is a deeply ingrained congenital deformity in the U.S. It is at the root of our society and it is the rot of our national character.”
Jackson trumpeted this same theme as a guest speaker at Louis Farrakhan’s October 1995 Million Man March in Washington, DC. “Now we have the burden of two Americas: one-half slave and one-half free,” he said. Explaining that blacks were “yearning to breathe free,” he exhorted those in attendance to break out of their “shackles” because no one would “free” them voluntarily. “Slave masters never retire,” he said. “Oppressors never retire.” Jackson named, as the principal perpetrators of this “oppression,” law-enforcement officials who “chastise the [black] mothers, ... chase the daddies, [and] lock up the children.” “We [blacks] are under attack by the courts, legislatures, mass media,” he added. “We’re despised. Racists attack us for sport to win votes. We’re attacked for sport to make money.”
Jackson's belief in the omnipresence of American racism has caused him to be a passionate supporter of affirmative action (i.e., race preferences) in employment and college admissions. Invoking the name of Martin Luther King, Jr. to support his position, Jackson has used the term “intellectual terrorism” to describe any suggestion that King, were he alive today, would oppose racial preferences for African Americans. Favoring such preferences in all sectors of U.S. life, Jackson has proposed that in return for the hundreds of billions of dollars that black American consumers spend each year, black business owners should be guaranteed a corresponding share of the service and manufacturing contracts that U.S. companies award. “We must have a plan to achieve equal results,” he asserts.
While corporate America strives relentlessly to increase black participation at every level of its activities, Jackson laments “the corporate lockout” which he says has kept blacks “out of banking and textiles and [the] auto [industry] and food markets and telecommunications.” Explaining that “the walls” must “come down,” whether they be “in South Africa [a reference to that nation’s former apartheid regime] or South Carolina,” he exhorts “Wall Street corporations” to “open up the marketplace” and “let us [blacks] in.”
Jackson holds black conservatives who oppose affirmative action in extremely low regard. For instance, he once called Ward Connerly, a black California Board of Regents member who once led the fight to end affirmative action in California's public sector, a “house slave” and a “puppet of the white man.” He likewise condemned Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas's vote to place limits on affirmative action programs, characterizing Thomas as an “enem[y] of civil rights” and likening his black judicial robes to the white sheets of Klansmen.
When California voters in 1996 passed Proposition 209, which eliminated racial preferences from the admissions policies of the state’s university system, Jackson charged that California schools were “cleansing” themselves of black students, and he pleaded with Americans to “pursue the dream of an inclusive society.”
When the Supreme Court ruled in 1996 that gerrymandered voting districts (which were drawn on racial rather than geographic lines so as to virtually guarantee the electoral victories of minority candidates therein) were unconstitutional, Jackson predicted that the Court’s decision to redraw the districts on geographic lines would cause “a kind of ethnic cleansing” in Congress.
On October 27, 1997, Jackson and Rainbow/PUSH joined the League of United Latin American Citizens, the NAACP, and the National Organization for Women in organizing a “civil-rights march” across San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge. The stated purpose of the march was “to protest attempts to discriminate against immigrants and dismantle affirmative action.” (At issue was the fact that California was the site of Proposition 209, which had banned racial preferences in the state's public sector, and Proposition 187, which was designed to cut illegal aliens off from taxpayer-funded programs and other benefits.) In a speech at California's state capital (Sacramento) that same day, Jackson said:
“[Dr. King] dreamed ... that the walls of legal structure that separated races would be replaced by a bridge and that under one big tent we could be judged by the content of our character and not by the color of our skin. The dream is not to be color blind nor gender blind, but to be color and gender sensitive and caring and inclusive.... We choose vision over blindness. We do not need to pray for cataracts over our eyes [but] for clarity.”
In 1997 President Bill Clinton appointed Jackson as “Special Envoy of the President and Secretary of State for the Promotion of Democracy in Africa.” Not only did Jackson run up exorbitant expenditures in this role ($42.8 million in travel costs alone during a 1998 trip to Africa), but he embraced and praised numerous African dictators including Zambia’s Fredrick Chiluba and Nigeria's Abdulsalami Abubakar.
In 1997, Jackson served on the board of directors of Citizen Action of Illinois.
When Kwame Ture (formerly known as Stokely Carmichael, who led the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee in the 1960s) died on November 15, 1998 Jackson eulogized him as “one of our generation who was determined to give his life to transforming America and Africa.” “He rang the freedom bell in this century,” added Jackson.
In May 1998 in Chicago, Jackson was a guest speaker at a “Globalization From Below” conference organized by the Democratic Socialists of America. Other noteoworthy speakers included Dolores Huerta and Luis Gutierrez.
Jackson's Out-of-Wedlock Child
Jackson became one of President Clinton’s spiritual counselors during the Monica Lewinski scandal of 1998. At about the same time, Jackson’s still-hidden mistress, Karin Stanford, was bearing the couple’s child.
Jackson and Stanford (a former University of Georgia assistant professor of African-American Studies) had first become close in the mid-1990s when the latter was writing her 1997 book, Beyond the Boundaries: Reverend Jesse Jackson and International Affairs. Jackson subsequently hired the woman as director of Rainbow/PUSH's Washington bureau. In March 1999 Jackson announced that Stanford would be taking maternity leave for the birth of her child with her lawyer boyfriend. A week later, Jackson announced that he would not seek the 2000 Democratic presidential nomination. Meanwhile, he secretly made financial provision to care for his baby and to keep Stanford quiet about the affair, using funds from the coffers of Rainbow/PUSH to pay the mistress for child support and “moving expenses.” The baby, a girl, was born in May 1999. In January 2001, Jackson publicly acknowledged: "I am father to a daughter who was born outside of my marriage. As her mother does, I love this child very much and have assumed responsibility for her emotional and financial support since she was born."
In September 1999 a vicious rumble broke out between approximately ten students attending at a high-school football game in Decatur, Illinois. The combatants—all black—were members of rival gangs known as the Gangster Disciples and the Vice Lords. The Decatur High School board, which had adopted a zero-tolerance policy vis a vis violence in the wake of the Columbine high-school massacre of April 1999, subsequently imposed two-year suspensions on six of the teens involved in the Decatur incident, and prosecutors filed felony charges against them. Jackson characterized these penalties as not only unfair, but racist. He minimized the seriousness of the incident by calling it “a schoolyard fight” and “something silly like children do.” He emphasized the fact that one of the suspended boys was an honor student, but did not mention that three of the others were freshmen for the fourth time, and that most of them had long track records of skipping school. Notwithstanding the boys' abysmal academic records, Jackson lamented that, if suspended, they would be “denied an education.”
During the 1990s, Jackson was a devoted supporter of a campaign advocating clemency for more than a dozen incarcerated members of the FALN, a Marxist-Leninist organization (classified as a terrorist group by the FBI) promoting “clandestine armed struggle” in pursuit of Puerto Rican independence from the “colonial forces of the United States.” The men in question (all of whom had been convicted of particpation in bombings) were ultimately offered clemency by President Bill Clinton in August 1999.
In August 2000, President Clinton awarded Jackson the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
In December 2000—shortly after the infamous Florida recount controversy had ended with George W. Bush winning the presidency—Jackson called for a “civil rights explosion” to protest that outcome. “We will take to the streets right now, we will delegitimize Bush, discredit him, do whatever it takes, but never accept him,” said Jackson outside the Supreme Court.
In a September 2002 speech at Michigan State University, Jackson disparaged the American founders as a “bunch of white men” who did not understand the needs and perceptions of nonwhites, and he described President George W. Bush as a warmonger who “wants to rule the world.”
In June 2003, Jackson and his Rainbow/PUSH Coalition publicly suggested that the NASCAR auto racing organization was racist because it had not done enough to attract nonwhites to the sport. In response to previous criticisms by Jackson et al., NASCAR officials had recently embarked on a publicity campaign targeting blacks and Hispanics, instituted a “mandated sensitivity program” for all NASCAR employees, and funneled at least $250,000 to Jackson's groups. Notwithstanding these efforts, Rainbow/PUSH board member Bill Shack called NASCAR and other auto racing organizations “the last bastion of white supremacy” in professional sports. Peter Flaherty, founder and president of the National Legal and Policy Center, observed:
“NASCAR kicks in all this money to Jackson's groups, sends representatives to Jackson's conference, and they still get attacked as 'white supremacists.... NASCAR is finding out the hard way that appeasing Jesse Jackson doesn't work. The more you give, the more he demands.”
Project 21 member Kimani Jefferson added:
“It just goes to show that it doesn't matter how much you give to Jackson, you will only invite more hostility. In my view, the Rainbow/PUSH Coalition and Jesse Jackson are interested in nothing more than perpetrating a cult of victimization for profit.”
July 2003, Jackson joined NAACP leaders in a protest march on the Montgomery, Alabama Capitol building. The target of this demonstration was Republican Governor Bob Riley and his then-recent veto of a bill that would have expedited the restoration of voting rights to felons who had served their sentences.
In July 2004 Jackson characterized the Iraq War as one of America's many “wars of mass deception” and as “a moral disgrace.” Also during the war, he depicted the toppling of Saddam Hussein's brutal regime as “an illegal and unjust act”; he spoke out against the war in conjunction with the United for Peace and Justice coalition (led by the pro-Castro socialist Leslie Cagan); and he denounced the Patriot Act as an assault on civil liberties.
In 2005 Jackson supported the anti-war, anti-American activism of Cindy Sheehan.
In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, which devastated New Orleans in late August 2005, Jackson likened that city's evacuation centers—which were disproportionately filled with African Americans—to the “hull of a slaveship.” Moreover, he accused the Bush administration of trying to bus New Orleans' black residents into “permanent exile,” so as to forever “change the character of Louisiana politics.” “Bush isn't planning urban renewal, he's planning urban removal,” said Jackson. “The administration has given the victims of Katrina a one-way ticket out with no plan for their return.” Adding that the New Orleans refugees were now “trapped in those rescue camps,” Jackson proceeded to lead more than 200 of them in a five-bus caravan that started in Chicago and wound through St. Louis, Memphis, Mobile, and Jackson (Mississippi) before finally reaching New Orleans on October 11.
In 2006 Jackson injected himself into a high-profile case involving a black stripper who had accused three white members of the Duke University lacrosse team of having beaten, raped and sodomized her during an off-campus party. The woman's charges triggered an instantaneous eruption of outrage among leftists. Jackson, for one, not only decried the allegedly long “history of white men and black women and rape and assault,” but also announced that his Rainbow/Push Coalition would pay all tuition costs so that the stripper could attend college. It later became evident that the plaintiff's allegations were entirely fabricated, and all charges against the defendants were dropped.
In December 2006, Jackson similarly turned his attention to a racially charged incident that had occurred in Jena, Louisiana—a mostly white town of approximately 3,000 people. Specifically, on December 4, 2006, Jena High School football player Mychal Bell had led a gang of eight to ten fellow black students in pummeling a white 11th-grader named Justin Barker. The assailants beat Barker into unconsciousness in what the Jena Times called “one of the most violent attacks in Jena High School’s history.” (For a detailed background on this incident and the events that preceded it, click here.)
Six of Barker’s black assailants were originally charged with attempted second-degree murder. On September 10, 2007, Jackson went to Jena and threatened to organize a “major demonstration” of perhaps 40,000 angry protesters unless Bell’s sentence was thrown out and the charges against the remaining attackers were reduced to misdemeanors. Four days after Jackson’s threat, Judicial District Court Judge J.P. Mauffray, Jr. vacated Bell’s adult conviction and ordered that he be retried as a juvenile. Nonetheless, on September 20, 2007, tens of thousands of (mostly black) demonstrators from all over the United States descended on Jena to protest the allegedly unfair legal treatment of the six black assailants. Key organizers of the demonstration included Al Sharpton and Jesse Jackson. Comparing the case to seminal civil-rights moments like the Montgomery bus boycott of 1955, Jackson said: “In Jena, for those who have been under the illusion that changes have occurred, this is a wake-up call.”
Jackson and the 2008 Obama Campaign
In September 2007, Jackson sharply criticized presidential hopeful Barack Obama's allegedly tepid response to the Jena incident. Impugning Obama for “acting like he’s white,” Jackson said: “If I were a candidate, I’d be all over Jena.... Jena is a defining moment, just like Selma was a defining moment.”
Though Jackson endorsed Obama for U.S. President in 2008, he became embroiled in controversy for some comments he unwittingly made over an open microphone that July in the Chicago studio of Fox News. Jackson, who was about to appear live on Fox & Friends along with Dr. Reed Tuckson, told Tuckson, in a voice that was barely more than a whisper, that he disapproved of Obama's recent Father's Day speech chastising black fathers for not living up to their responsibilities. Said Jackson, “See, Barack's been, ahh, talking down to black people on this faith-based ... I want to cut his nuts off.”
In October 2008, Jackson, speaking in France at the first World Policy Forum, predicted that an Obama presidency would bring “fundamental changes” in U.S. foreign policy—most notably by ending America's “decades of putting Israel's interests first,” and by standing up to “Zionists who have controlled American policy for decades.” “Barack is determined to repair our relations with the world of Islam and Muslims,” Jackson elaborated. “Thanks to his background and ecumenical approach, he knows how Muslims feel while remaining committed to his own faith.”
When asked whether an Obama presidential victory would close the “chapter” of black grievances linked to the legacy of slavery, Jackson responded: “No, that chapter won't be closed. However, Obama's victory will be a huge step in the direction we have wanted America to take for decades.”
Jackson was also asked whether Obama—who is not a descendant of slaves—was in fact representative of a typical American black. He replied: “You don't need to be a descendant of slaves to experience the oppression, the suffocating injustice and the ugly racism that exists in our society. Obama experienced the same environment as all American blacks did. It was nonsense to suggest that he was somehow not black enough to feel the pain.”
Further, Jackson expressed his belief that Obama, as president, would apologize for the “arrogance of the Bush administration,” and would thereby help America to “heal wounds” it had inflicted on other nations.
In March 2010 in Michigan, Jackson was the keynote speaker at a major fundraising banquet held by the Council on American-Islamic Relations.
In the fall of 2011, Jackson supported the anti-capitalist Occupy Wall Street (OWS) movement. In a speech to Occupy London (OWS's contingent in that city), he said: “Jesus was an Occupier, born under a death warrant, a Jew by religion, born in poverty under Roman occupation. Gandhi was an Occupier, Martin Luther King was an Occupier, [Nelson] Mandela was an Occupier.”
Jackson revisited this theme at an Occupy Chicago event in April 2012, when he made reference to the gospel story of Jesus clearing the money-changers out of the Temple in Jerusalem: “But why was he killed? Because he fought, and he occupied the corrupt Temple. He went to the house of prayer to pray, and found corruption [in] the holy place.” Jackson also made reference to a poor woman in that story, describing her as part of “the 99%.”
Jackson reacted passionately to a February 26, 2012 incident in Sanford, Florida, in which a “white Hispanic” man named George Zimmerman had shot and killed Trayvon Martin, a 17-year-old African American. (Zimmerman was not subsequently put in jail, because police said there was no evidence to contradict his claim that he had acted in self-defense.) Jackson, however, declared that Martin “was shot down in cold blood by a vigilante.” Among Jackson's other comments about the incident were the following:
On January 14, 2013, Jackson told a television audience that "assault weapons" represent a threat to homeland security because they are capable of shooting down airplanes, and that gun manufacturers should be held responsible for criminal shootings:
“These semi-automatic weapons, these assault weapon[s], can only kill people and in fact are threats to national security. The young man who did the killing in Aurora, Colorado with the arsenal he had. He was right near the airport, right near the runways near the airport in Denver. He could shoot down airplanes. so this is a matter of homeland security… We need to make manufacturers more accountable for their product.“
In March 2013, Jackson attended the funeral of Hugo Chavez, the socialist, anti-American president of Venezuela. Said Jackson: "How do we measure a great leader? By how he treats the least of these. Hugo fed the hungry. He lifted the poor. He raised their hopes. He helped them realize their dreams. And so today we do mourn, because we’ve lost a life."
For additional information on Jesse Jackson, click here.
 Kenneth R. Timmerman, Shakedown: Exposing the Real Jesse Jackson (Regnery, 2002), p. 22.
 Kenneth R. Timmerman, Shakedown, pp. 90-91.
 "Duke Election Symptomatic of U.S. Racism: Jackson," Jet (March 6, 1989), p. 7.
 "What's Ahead for Blacks and Whites?" Ebony (November 1990), p. 76.
 Jesse Jackson, et al., "The Continuing American Dilemma," New Perspectives Quarterly (Summer 1991), p. 10.
 "Excerpts from Jackson's Address to Washington March," The New York Times (October 17, 1995), p. A20. Million Man March, televised on C-SPAN (October 16, 1995).